, Volume 5, Issue 5, pp 590-599
Date: 24 Jun 2010

Superoxide dismutase mRNA and protein level in human colorectal cancer

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Impairments of antioxidant enzyme expression are often concomitant with the onset of cancer. Due to epigenetic factors causing an inflammatory state the gastrointestinal tract can become exposed to reactive oxygen species. The purpose of our work was to evaluate mRNA and protein levels of superoxide dismutase isoenzymes in human colorectal adenocarcinoma due to its clinical advancement, and in colorectal cancer liver metastases. Evaluation of SOD expression in regard to CRC advancement, seems useful for clinical applications due to different tumor cells sensitivity to reactive oxygen species based treatment. Studies were conducted on a group of 27 patients: 15 diagnosed with colorectal adenocarcinoma and 12 diagnosed with colorectal cancer liver metastases. The mRNA level was determined by RT-PCR, and protein level by Western blotting. We observed significant (P≤0.05) changes of mRNA and protein level of SOD isoenzymes in subsequent stages of colorectal adenocarcinoma advancement and in colorectal cancer liver metastases. Differences in mRNA and protein level of SOD isoenzymes in colorectal adenocarcinoma and its liver metastases indicates that SOD participate in adaptation of tumor cells to oxidative stress, and maintain certain level of ROS, necessary for appropriate cell proliferation. Expression of superoxide dismutase isoenzymes seems to be regulated not only at transcriptional level, but also posttranscriptional.