, Volume 10, Issue 6, pp 1928-1939
Date: 15 Aug 2012

The shadowing chain lemma for singular Hamiltonian systems involving strong forces

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We consider a planar autonomous Hamiltonian system :q+∇V(q) = 0, where the potential V: ℝ2 \{ζ}→ ℝ has a single well of infinite depth at some point ζ and a strict global maximum 0at two distinct points a and b. Under a strong force condition around the singularity ζ we will prove a lemma on the existence and multiplicity of heteroclinic and homoclinic orbits — the shadowing chain lemma — via minimization of action integrals and using simple geometrical arguments.