, Volume 12, Issue 6, pp 700-710
Date: 13 Mar 2014

Implementation of chemometric techniques for evaluation of antioxidant properties of Camellia sinensis extracts

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Abstract

In this study, antioxidant properties of commercial green teas and dietary supplements containing Camellia sinensis extracts were evaluated. Extracts were examined using two antioxidant assays (DPPH· radical method and ABTS·+ cation radical method). A Folin-Ciocalteu assay was used to evaluate the total polyphenol content in the extracts. In order to compare and characterize the investigated Camellia sinensis extracts, chemometric techniques based on fingerprint chromatograms, antioxidant activity and total polyphenol content were applied. Application of chemometric methods allowed for reduction of multidimensionality of the data set and grouped the samples into differentiable clusters. The relationship between the antioxidant activity and total polyphenol content was also assessed. The results indicated that extracts with the higher polyphenolic content exhibited the stronger antiradical activity against both DPPH· radicals and ABTS·+ cation radicals. The multivariate calibration technique (such as a tree regression algorithm) can be a useful tool for rapid determining the antioxidant activity of a herbal product based on its fingerprint chromatogram