, Volume 11, Issue 5, pp 664-671
Date: 27 Feb 2013

Investigation of SOFC material properties for plant-level modeling

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Abstract

This article describes results of a recent study of SOFC (Solid Oxide Fuel Cell) material properties using a numerical tool. The created model was validated against experimental data collected for two different solid oxide fuel cells. With focus on ionic and electronic conductivities, temperature influence was investigated. Results are presented, compared with available data, and discussed.

Model of a micro-CHP (Combined Heat and Power) unit based on a SOFC stack was used for evaluation of system performance with different cells. On-site generated bio-syngas was considered as a fuel fed for the unit.

The overall system efficiency was analyzed using an Aspen HYSYS modeling environment. Properties of two generic electrolyte materials were implemented in the models for evaluation of a co-generative unit operation. Electrical and overall efficiencies of systems based on those cells were compared and differences were observed. Micro-scale power units with fuel cells are a promising technology for highly efficient distributed cogeneration. As it was concluded, selection of a proper cell is crucial to assure high system efficiency.