Demographics of the gay and lesbian population in the United States: Evidence from available systematic data sources
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
This work provides an overview of standard social science data sources that now allow some systematic study of the gay and lesbian population in the United States. For each data source, we consider how sexual orientation can be defined, and we note the potential sample sizes. We give special attention to the important problem of measurement error, especially the extent to which individuals recorded as gay and lesbian are indeed recorded correctly. Our concern is that because gays and lesbians constitute a relatively small fraction of the population, modest measurement problems could lead to serious errors in inference. In examining gays and lesbians in multiple data sets we also achieve a second objective: We provide a set of statistics about this population that is relevant to several current policy debates.
- Badgett, M.V.L. 1995. “The Wage Effects of Sexual Orientation Discrimination.” Industrial and Labor Relations Review 48: 726–39. CrossRef
- Becker, G.S. 1981. A Treatise on the Family. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
- Black, D.A., G. Gates, S. Sanders, and L. Taylor. 1997. “The Effects of Sexual Orientation on the Wages of Men.” Working paper, Heinz School of Public Policy and Management, Carnegie Mellon University.
- Black, D.A. 1999. “Why Do Gay Men Live in San Francisco?” Working paper, Heinz School of Public Policy and Management, Carnegie Mellon University.
- Black, D.A., H. Makar, S. Sanders, and L. Taylor. 1998. “The Effects of Sexual Orientation on Earnings.” Working paper, Heinz School, Carnegie Mellon University.
- Bumpass, L.L. and J. Sweet. 1989. “National Estimates of Cohabitation.” Demography 26:615–25. CrossRef
- Jepsen, L. 1998. Essays on the Economics of Marriage: An Empirical Study of Same-Sex and Opposite-Sex Couples. PhD dissertation, Department of Economics, Vanderbilt University.
- Jepsen, L. and C. Jepsen. 1999. “An Empirical Analysis of Same Sex and Opposite-Sex Couples: Do ‘Likes’ Still Like ‘Likes’ in the ’90s?” Working paper, Northwestern University.
- Kinsey, A.C., W.B. Pomeroy, C.E. Martin, and P.H. Gebhard. 1948. Sexual Behavior in the Human Male. Philadelphia: Saunders.
- Klawitter, M.M. 1997. “The Effects of Sexual Orientation on the Determinants of Earnings for Women.” Working paper, Graduate School of Public Affairs, University of Washington.
- Klawitter, M.M. and V. Flatt. 1998. “The Effects of State and Local Antidiscrimination Policies on Earnings for Gays and Lesbians.” Journal of Policy Analysis and Management 17:658–86. CrossRef
- Krieger, L.M. 1993. “S.F. Remains a Mecca for Gay Couples: Census Data Reveal Same-Sex Households Abound in the City.” San Francisco Examiner, September 12, pp. A1, A10.
- Laumann, E.O., J.H. Gagnon, R.T. Michael, and S. Michaels. 1994. The Social Organization of Sexuality: Sexual Practices in the United States. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
- Michael, R.T., J.H. Gagnon, E.O. Laumann, and G. Kolata. 1994. Sex in America: A Definitive Study. Boston: Little, Brown.
- “S.F. Seeks Equal Treatment.” 1996. San Jose Mercury News, December 29, p. 3b.
- U.S. Census Bureau. 1975. “Accuracy of Data for Selected Population Characteristics as Measured by the 1970 CPS-Census Match.” 1970 Census of Population and Housing, Evaluation and Research Program Report. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.
- —. 1993. “Content Reinterview Survey: Accuracy of Data for Selected Population and Housing Characteristics as Measured by Reinterview.” 1990 Census of Population and Housing, Research and Evaluation Report, CPH-E-1. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.
- Demographics of the gay and lesbian population in the United States: Evidence from available systematic data sources
Volume 37, Issue 2 , pp 139-154
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Additional Links
- Industry Sectors
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Center for Policy Research, Syracuse University, 13244, Syracuse, NY
- 2. Heinz School of Public Policy and Management, Carnegie Mellon University, USA
- 3. Department of Economics, University of Maryland, USA
- 4. Heinz School of Public Policy and Management, Carnegie Mellon University, USA