Neighborhoods

Demography

, Volume 31, Issue 2, pp 229-248

Environmental Equity: The Demographics of Dumping

  • Douglas L. AndertonAffiliated withSocial and Demographic Research Institute, University of Massachusetts-Amherst
  • , Andy B. AndersonAffiliated withSocial and Demographic Research Institute, University of Massachusetts-Amherst
  • , John Michael OakesAffiliated withSocial and Demographic Research Institute, University of Massachusetts-Amherst
  • , Michael R. FraserAffiliated withSocial and Demographic Research Institute, University of Massachusetts-Amherst

Rent the article at a discount

Rent now

* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.

Get Access

Abstract

Research addressing “environmental equity” and “environmental racism” claims that facilities for treatment, storage, and disposal of hazardous wastes (TSDFs) are located disproportionately in minority areas. In the first comprehensive study of TSDFs to use census tract-level data, we find no nationally consistent and statistically significant differences between the racial or ethnic composition of tracts which contain commercial TSDFs and those which do not. TSDFs are more likely to be found in tracts with Hispanic groups, primarily in regions with the greatest percentage of Hispanics. Different geographic units of analysis elaborate on, but are consistent with, these results.