Income growth among nonresident fathers: evidence from Wisconsin
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
This study examines the changes over time in the personal incomes of nonresident fathers—whether divorced or nonmarital—in Wisconsin. Using data from the Wisconsin Court Record data base and the Wisconsin Department of Revenue, the authors examine the incomes of these fathers over the first seven years following a divorce or the initiation of a paternity suit. They also study separately the income patterns of initially poor nonresident fathers and fathers whose nonresident children receive welfare. The most important finding is that the incomes of nonmarital fathers, which typically are low in the beginning, increase dramatically over the years after paternity establishment—often to a level comparable with the incomes of divorced fathers. On the basis of their findings, the authors conclude that failing to establish child support obligations for nonresident fathers simply because their incomes are initially low does not appear justified. nt]mis|The authors thank the Russell Sage Foundation, the Ford Foundation, and the Wisconsin Department of Health and Social Services for financial support. They also wish to thank participants in the APPAM panel on noncustodial fathers, as well as colleagues at IRP, especially Pat Brown, for helpful comments and suggestions. A preliminary draft of this paper was presented at APPAM, Bethesda, Maryland, in October 1991.
- Cassetty, Judith (1978) Child Support and Public Policy. Lexington Books, Lexington, MA
- Chambers, David L. (1979) Making Fathers Pay: The Enforcement of Child Support. University of Chicago Press, Chicago
- Background Material and Data on Programs within the Jurisdiction of the Committee on Ways and Means (1991 Green Book). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC
- Duncan, Greg J., Hoffman, Saul D. “Economic Consequences of Marital Instability.”. In: David, Martin, Smeeding, Timothy eds. (1985) Horizontal Equity, Uncertainty, and Economic Well-Being. National Bureau for Economic Research, Cambridge, MA, pp. 427-70
- Garfinkel, Irwin, McLanahan, Sara S. (1986) Single Mothers and Their Children. Urban Institute, Washington, DC
- Garfinkel, Irwin, Oellerich, Donald (1989) “Noncustodial Fathers’ Ability to Pay Child Support.". Demography 26: pp. 219-23 CrossRef
- Haskins, Ron, Andrew W. Dobelstein, John S. Akin, and J. Brad Schwartz. 1985. “Estimates of National Child Support Collections and the Income Security of Female-Headed Families.” Final report, Bush Institute for Child and Family Policy, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
- Hill, Martha S. 1984. “PSID Analysis of Matched Pairs of Ex-Spouses: The Relation of Economic Resources and New Family Obligations to Child Support Payments.” Report to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
- Hill, Martha S. 1988. “The Role of Economic Resources and Dual Family Status in Child Support Payments.” Paper presented at the 1988 meetings of the Population Association of America.
- Lerman, Robert I. 1986. “A National Profile of Young Unwed Fathers: Who Are They and How Are They Parenting?” Paper prepared for the Conference on Unwed Fathers, Catholic University, Washington, DC.
- Lerman, Robert I. (1990) “Fatherhood, Child Support and Eamings: A Report on the Links between Family Responsibilities and Job Market Outcomes.”. Department of Economics, American University, Washington, DC
- MacDonald, Maurice and M. McMahon. 1989. “The Impact of Immediate Withholding of Child Support Payments on the Labor Supply of Wisconsin Noncustodial Parents: Early Results.” Discussion Paper 897-89, Institute for Research on Poverty, University of Wisconsin-Madison.
- McDonald, Thomas, James Moran, and Irwin Garfinkel. 1983. “Wisconsin Study of Absent Fathers’ Ability to Pay More Child Support.” Special Report 34, Institute for Research on Poverty, University of Wisconsin-Madison.
- Nichols-Casebolt, Ann (1986) “The Economic Impact of Child Support Reform on the Poverty Status of Custodial and Noncustodial Families.”. Journal of Marriage and the Family 48: pp. 875-80 CrossRef
- O’Neill, June (1985) “Determinants of Child Support: Final Report.”. Urban Institute, Washington, DC
- Phillips, Elizabeth and Irwin Garfinkel. 1992. “Changes over Time in the Incomes of Nonresident Fathers in Wisconsin.” Discussion Paper 967-92, Institute for Research on Poverty, University of Wisconsin-Madison.
- U.S. Children and their Families: Current Conditions and Recent Trends, 1989. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC
- Sonenstein, Freya L. and Charles Calhoun. 1988. “The Survey of Absent Parents: Pilot Results." U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
- Teachman, Jay D. and Karen Polonko. 1989. “Negotiating Divorce Outcomes: Can We Identify Patterns in Divorce Settlements?” Discussion Paper 886-89, Institute for Research on Poverty, University of Wisconsin-Madison.
- Poverty in the United States: 1988 and 1989. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC
- Weiss, Robert S. (1984) “The Impact of Marital Dissolution on Income and Consumption in Single-Parent Households.”. Journal of Marriage and the Family 46: pp. 115-26 CrossRef
- Weitzman, Lenore J. (1981) “The Economics of Divorce: Social and Economic Consequences of Property, Alimony, and Child Support Awards.”. UCLA Law Review 28: pp. 1181-1268
- Income growth among nonresident fathers: evidence from Wisconsin
Volume 30, Issue 2 , pp 227-241
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Additional Links
- Industry Sectors
- Author Affiliations
- 1. School of Social Work and Institute for Research on Poverty, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 53706, Madison, WI
- 2. School of Social Work, Columbia University, Columbia, USA
- 3. Institute for Research on Poverty, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Wisconsin-Madison, USA