, Volume 32, Issue 3, pp 365–378

Explaining changes in married mothers’ employment over time

  • Arleen Leibowitz
  • Jacob Alex Klerman
Gender Relations

DOI: 10.2307/2061686

Cite this article as:
Leibowitz, A. & Klerman, J.A. Demography (1995) 32: 365. doi:10.2307/2061686


Employment of married mothers with preschool children rose dramatically between 1971 and 1990. Using CPS data, we find that about one-fifth of the increase in labor supply can be attributed to changes in mothers’ demographic characteristics (age, education, and number of children). Changes in the earnings opportunities of new mothers and their husbands explain another one-fifth of the growth in employment. Over the two decades, infants up to three months old became less of a barrier to employment, while women’s labor supply became more sensitive to their own earnings opportunities and less sensitive to those of their husbands.

Copyright information

© Population Association of America 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Arleen Leibowitz
    • 1
  • Jacob Alex Klerman
    • 1
  1. 1.RANDSanta Monica

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