, Volume 21, Issue 4, pp 559–574

A multilevel model of family planning availability and contraceptive use in rural Thailand


  • Barbara Entwisle
    • Department of SociologyDartmouth College
  • Albert I. Hermalin
    • The Population Studies CenterUniversity of Michigan
  • Peerasit Kamnuansilpa
    • Research CenterNational Institute for Development Administration
  • Apichat Chamratrithirong
    • Institute for Population and Social ResearchMahidol University

DOI: 10.2307/2060915

Cite this article as:
Entwisle, B., Hermalin, A.I., Kamnuansilpa, P. et al. Demography (1984) 21: 559. doi:10.2307/2060915


This paper assesses the ways in which the availability of family planning program outlets influences the likelihood of contraceptive use in rural Thailand. It focuses on a village-level measure of actual availability of sources rather than respondent perceptions of availability. Individuallevel and village-level data collected as part of the second Thailand Contraceptive Prevalence Survey are used to test three hypotheses about the effects of actual availability: that (a) availability of family planning outlets increases the likelihood of contraceptive use; (b) it enhances the effect of a desire for no more children on the likelihood of use; and (c) it weakens the positive relationship between education and the likelihood of use.

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© Population Association of America 1984