Belanger, T. V., D. S. Scheidt
, andJ. R. Platko
. 1989. Effects of nutrient enrichment on the Florida Everglades.Lake and Reservoir Management
Birkeland, C. 1977. The importance of rate of biomass accumulation in early successional stages of benthic communities to the survival of coral recruits, p. 15–21.In D. Taylor (ed.), Proceedings of the Third International Coral Reef Symposium 1. Biology. University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Sciences, Miami, Florida.
Birkeland, C. 1987. Nutrient availability as a major determinant of differences among coastal hard-substratum communities in different regions of the tropics.In C. Birkeland (ed.), Comparison Between Atlantic and Pacific Tropical Marine Coastal Ecosystems: Community Structure, Ecological Processes, and Productivity.UNESCO Reports in Marine Science 46:45–97.
Birkeland, C. 1988. Second order ecological effects of nutrient input to coral communities.Galaxea 7:91–100.
1985. Development of epiphytic communities on eelgrass (Zostera marina
) along a nutrient gradient in a Danish estuary.Marine Biology
Burnison, B. K.
1979. Modified dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) extraction for chlorophyll analysis of phytoplankton.Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science
Cambridge, M. L.
andA. J. McComb
. 1984. The loss of seagrasses in Cockburn Sound, Western Australia. I. The time course and magnitude of seagrass decline in relation to industrial development.Aquatic Botany
Capone, D. G.
andM. F. Bautista
. 1985. A groundwater source of nitrate in nearshore sediments.Nature
Capone, D.. 1988. Benthic nitrogen fixation, p. 85–123.In T. H. Blackburn and J. Sorensen (eds.), Nitrogen Cycling in Coastal Environments. John Wiley and Sons, New York.
andJ. W. Morse
. 1978. The chemistry of orthophosphate uptake from seawater onto calcite and aragonite.Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta
D’Elia, C. F., P. A. Steudler, andN. Corwin. 1977. Determination of total N in aqueous samples using persulfate digestion.Limnology and Oceanography 22:760–764.
Doremus, C. 1982. Geochemical control of dinitrogen fixation in the open ocean.Biological Oceanography 1:429–436.
Dugdale, R. C. andJ. J. Goering. 1967. Uptake of new and regenerated forms of nitrogen in primary productivity.Limnology and Oceanography 12:196–206.
andJ. C. Halas
. 1987. Changes in the reef-coral community of Carysfort Reef, Key Largo, Florida, 1974–1982.Coral Reefs
Horne, A. J. 1977. Nitrogen fixation—A review of this phenomenon as a polluting process.Progress in Water Technology 8:359–372.
Howarth, R. W.
1988. Nutrient limitation of net primary production in marine ecosystems.Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics
Jackson, G. A.
andP. M. Williams
1985. Importance of dissolved organic nitrogen and phosphorus to biological nutrient cycling.Deep Sea Research
Johannes, R. E.
1975. Pollution and degradation of coral reef communities, p. 13–51.In
E. Wood and R. E. Johannes (eds.), Tropical Marine Pollution. Elsevier, New York.CrossRef
Johannes, R. H.
1980. The ecological significance of submarine discharge of groundwater.Marine Ecology Progress Series
Johannes, R. E., W. J. Wiebe, C. J. Crossland, D. W. Rimmer
, andS. V. Smith
. 1983. Latitudinal limits of coral reef growth.Marine Ecology Progress Series
Lapointe, B. E.
1987. Phosphorus-and nitrogen-limited photosynthesis and growth ofGracilaria tikvahiae
in the Florida Keys: An experimental field study.Marine Biology
Lapointe, B. E. 1989. Macroalgal production and nutrient relations in oligotrophic areas of Florida Bay.Bulletin of Marine Science 44:312–323.
Lapointe, B. E.
andJ. D. O’Connell
. 1989. Nutrient-enhanced growth ofCladophora prolifera
in Harrington Sound, Bermuda: Eutrophication of a confined, phosphorus-limited marine ecosystem.Estuarine and Coastal Shelf Science
Lapointe, B. E., J. D. O’Connell
, andG. S. Garrett
. 1990. Nutrient couplings between on-site sewage disposal systems, groundwaters and nearshore surface waters of the Florida Keys.Biogeochemistry
Lapointe, B. E., N. P. Smith, P. A. Pitts, and M. W. Clark. 1992. Baseline characterization of chemical and hydrographic processes in the water column of Looe Key National Marine Sanctuary. Final Report to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Office of Ocean and Coastal Resource Management, Washington, D.C. 66 p.
Laws, E. A. andD. G. Redalje. 1979. Effect of sewage enrichment on the phytoplankton population of a subtropical estuary.Pacific Science 33:129–144.
Littler, M. M. andD. S. Littler. 1985. Models of tropical reef biogenesis: The contribution of algae.Progress in Phycological Research 3:323–364.
MacVicar, T. K. 1983. Rainfall averages and selected extremes for central and south Florida. South Florida Water Management District, Technical publication #83-2, West Palm Beach, Florida.
Marmer, H. A. 1954. Tides and sea level in the Gulf of Mexico. United States Fish and Wildlife Service.Fisheries Bulletin 55:101–118.
Marsh, J. A. 1977. Terrestrial inputs of nitrogen and phosphorus on fringing reefs of Guam, p. 331–336.In D. Taylor (ed.), Proceedings of the Third International Coral Reef Symposium 1. Biology. University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Sciences, Miami, Florida.
Mee, L. D. 1988. A definition of “critical eutrophication” in the marine environment.Revista de Biologia Tropical 36:159–161.
Menzel, D. W.
. 1965. The measurement of total phosphorus in seawater based on the liberation of organically bound fractions by persulfate oxidation.Limnology and Oceanography
andJ. P. Riley
. 1962. A modified single solution method for determination of phosphate in natural waters.Analytica Chimica Acta
Nixon, S. W., C. A. Oviatt, J. Frithsen, andB. Sullivan. 1986. Nutrients and the productivity of estuarine and coastal marine ecosystems.Journal of Limnological Society of South Africa 12:43–71.
Odum, H. T. andR. F. Wilson. 1962. Further studies on reaeration and metabolism of Texas Bays, 1958–1960.Institute of Marine Science Publications 8:23–55.
Orth, R. J.
. 1984. Distribution and abundance of submerged aquatic vegetation in Chesapeake Bay: An historical perspective.Estuaries
Pastorok, R. A.
andG. R. Bilyard
. 1985. Effects of sewage pollution on coral reef communities.Marine Ecology Progress Series
Peierls, B. L., N. F. Caraco, M. L. Pace
, andJ. J. Cole
. 1991. Human influence on river nitrogen.Nature
Pomeroy, L. R.
1960. Residence time of dissolved phosphate in natural waters.Science
Powell, G. V. N., W. J. Kenworthy, andJ. W. Fourqurean. 1989. Experimental evidence for nutrient limitation of sea-grass growth in a tropical estuary with limited circulation.Bulletin of Marine Science 44:324–340.
Redfield, A. C. 1958. The biological control of chemical factors in the environment.American Scientist 46:205–222.
Robblee, M. B., T. R. Barber, P. R. Carlson
, Jr.,M. J. Durako, J. W. Fourqurean, L. K. Muehlstein, D. Porter, L. A. Yarbro, R. T. Zieman
, andJ. C. Zieman
. 1991. Mass mortality of the tropical seagrassThalassia testudinum
in Florida Bay (USA).Marine Ecology Progress Series
Rogers, C. S.
1990. Responses of coral reefs and reef organisms to sedimentation.Marine Ecology Progress Series
Short, F. T.
1987. Effects of sediment nutrients on seagrasses: Literature review and mesocosm experiments.Aquatic Botany
Short, F. T., W. C. Dennison
, andD. G. Capone
. 1990. Phosphorus-limited growth of the tropical seagrassSyringodium filiforme
in carbonate sediments.Marine Ecology Progress Series
Silberstein, K., Chiffings, A. W.
, andA. J. McComb
. 1986. The loss of seagrass in Cockburn Sound, Australia. III. The effects of epiphytes on productivity ofPosidonia australis
. Hook. F.Aquatic Botany
Simmons, J. A. K., T. Jickells, A. Knap, andW. B. Lyons. 1985. Nutrient concentrations in groundwaters from Bermuda: Anthropogenic effects, p. 383–398. In D. E. Caldwell and J. A. Brierly (eds.), Planetary Ecology. Van Nostrand Reinhold Company, Inc., New York.
Smith, S. V., W. J. Kimmerer, E. A. Laws, R. E. Brock, andT. W. Walsh. 1981. Kaneohe Bay sewage diversion experiment: Perspectives on ecosystem response to nutritional perturbation.Pacific Science 35:279–397.
Suttle, C. S.
andP. J. Harrison
. 1988. Ammonium and phosphate uptake kinetics of size-fractionated plankton from an oligotrophic freshwater lake.Journal of Plankton Research
Technicon. 1973. Technicon Autoanalyzer II, Industrial Methods. Technicon Industrial Systems, Tarrytown, New York.
. 1985. Effects of eutrophication on reef-building corals. I. Growth rate of the reef-building coralMontastrea annularis
. 1987. Effects of eutrophication on reef building corals: Reproduction of the reef-building coralPorites porites
Tomasko, D. A.
andB. E. Lapointe
. 1991. Productivity and biomass ofThalassia testudinum
as related to water column nutrients and epiphyte levels: Field observations and experimental studies.Marine Ecology Progress Series
Turner, R. E.
andN. N. Rabalais
. 1991. Changes in Mississippi River water quality this century.Bioscience
United States Environmental Protection Agency. 1983. Methods for chemical analysis of water and wastes. EPA-600/4-79-020. Environmental Monitoring and Support Laboratory, United States Environmental Protection Agency, Cincinnati, Ohio. 430 p.
Valiela, I., J. Costa, K. Foreman, J. M. Teal, B. Howes
, andD. Aubrey
. 1990. Transport of groundwater-borne nutrients from watersheds and their effects on coastal waters.Biogeochemistry
Walker, D. I.
andR. F. G. Ormond
. 1982. Coral death from sewage and phosphate pollution at Aqaba Red Sea.Marine Pollution Bulletin