American Journal of Clinical Dermatology

, Volume 3, Issue 5, pp 317–318

Self-Tanning Lotions

Are They a Healthy Way to Achieve a Tan?

Authors

  • Zoe D. Draelos
    • Department of DermatologyWake Forest University, North Carolina and Dermatology Consulting Services
Leading Article

DOI: 10.2165/00128071-200203050-00003

Cite this article as:
Draelos, Z.D. Am J Clin Dermatol (2002) 3: 317. doi:10.2165/00128071-200203050-00003

Abstract

Self-tanning creams utilize dihydroxyacetone (DHA) as an active agent, to produce a temporary staining of the skin. DHA is a 3-carbon sugar that interacts with the protein-rich stratum corneum to produce melanoidins, which are brown chromophores. Lower concentrations of DHA produce lighter skin-staining, while higher concentrations produce darker skin-staining, resulting in the simulation of a tan for persons of all skin types. DHA is well tolerated, for both internal ingestion and topical application, with the exception of infrequent allergic reaction in some patients. However, self-tanning creams only offer a sun protection factor (SPF) of 3 to 4, with protection at the low end of the visible spectrum and limited ultraviolet A protection. In addition, this SPF is only present for several hours after application of the product, and does not last for the duration of the tan. Self-tanning creams are a method of safely simulating the appearance of a tan without photoprotection. However, other sun protection will be required.

Copyright information

© Adis International Limited 2002