Clinical Drug Investigation

, Volume 29, Issue 8, pp 551–555

Effects of Recombinant Human Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor Filgrastim on ECG Parameters in Neutropenic Patients

A Single-Centre,Prospective Study
Short Communication

DOI: 10.2165/00044011-200929080-00005

Cite this article as:
Guneyse, O., Onur, O.E. & Denizbasi, A. Clin. Drug Investig. (2009) 29: 551. doi:10.2165/00044011-200929080-00005

Abstract

Background and objective: Human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) is a haematopoietic hormone that promotes the growth, proliferation, differentiation and maturation of neutrophil precursors. Filgrastim is a recombinant human G-CSF. Myocardial infarction, atrial fibrillation and arrhythmia have been reported in several patients with malignancy receiving filgrastim, but a causal relationship with the drug has not been established. The purpose of this study was to investigate the changes in ECG parameters in neutropenic patients during treatment with filgrastim.

Methods: This was a single-centre, prospective study carried out in a hospital emergency room. Patients with neutropenia and malignancy who were required to receive filgrastim were eligible for the study. After a reference ECG had been obtained, filgrastim was administered to all patients at a dose of 5 µg/kg/day subcutaneously for 2 days. Follow-up ECGs were then obtained at 12-hourly intervals. Continuous telemetric monitoring was conducted throughout hospitalization.

Results: Serial ECG parameters were compared in 102 patients. There were no statistically significant differences between baseline and follow-up ECG measurements of rhythm, P-wave duration, PR interval, QRS-wave duration, corrected QT (QTc) interval, ECG axis, premature supraventricular events, ventricular arrhythmia, R-wave progression, right bundle branch block or left bundle branch block. There was a significant reduction in mean heart rate in subsequent ECGs compared with baseline (p≪0.05).

Conclusion: This study did not demonstrate any ECG changes other than a significant reduction in mean heart rate in this selected population of neutropenic patients given 2 days’ treatment with subcutaneous 5 µg/kg/day of filgrastim.

Copyright information

© Adis Data Information BV 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ozlem Guneyse
    • 1
  • Ozge Ecmel Onur
    • 1
  • Arzu Denizbasi
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Emergency MedicineMarmara University School of MedicineIstanbulTurkey