, Volume 69, Issue 4, pp 407-419
Date: 17 Sep 2012

Pharmacological Treatment Options for Bronchiectasis

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Patients with bronchiectasis experience tenacious mucus, recurrent infectious exacerbations, and progressive worsening of symptoms and obstruction over time. Treatment is aimed at trying to break the cycle of infection and progressive airway destruction. Antibacterial treatment is targeted towards likely organisms or tailored to the results of sputum culture. Inhaled antibacterial therapy may offer the advantage of increased local concentration of medication, while minimizing systemic adverse effects; however, to date, studies have been equivocal in this disorder. Macrolides, in addition to their antibacterial properties, have unique anti-inflammatory properties, which may make them useful in this disorder. Other mucoactive and anti-inflammatory agents, such as inhaled corticosteroids, mannitol and hypertonic saline, may also prove useful in this disease, but further studies are needed.