, Volume 48, Issue 3, pp 169-180

Population Pharmacokinetics and Dosing Recommendations for Cisplatin during Intraperitoneal Peroperative Administration

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Abstract

Background: Ovarian cancer is the leading cause of gynaecological cancer-related death in Western countries. Intraperitoneal (IP) peroperative chemotherapy is an interesting therapeutic option. However, very few data are available regarding pharmacokinetics and especially population pharmacokinetics.

Patients and methods: Thirty-one patients with advanced epithelial cancer classified as International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stage IIIC were included in the study. Blood and IP samples were taken over a 24-hour period during and after IP treatment. Both total and ultrafiltered (Uf) platinum (Pt) concentrations were analysed using a population approach with nonlinear mixed-effects modelling (NONMEM®) software. Improvement of the model with covariates was performed as well as assessment of the model using bootstrap and posterior visual predictive methods.

Results: Both IP fluid and serum pharmacokinetics were satisfactorily described with a three-compartment model for both Uf Pt and total Pt concentrations. The covariates were bodyweight for the IP volume of the total Pt model. A nomogram, based on the results of the Monte Carlo simulations, displays a dose recommendation regarding both the risk of renal toxicity and the potent efficacy of the treatment. A limited sampling strategy (LSS) allowing the estimation of potential risk of renal toxicity is also described.

Conclusion: The pharmacokinetics of cisplatin during peroperative IP chemotherapy could be successfully fitted with the present model, which allowed a dosing strategy accompanied by an LSS to facilitate the follow-up of patients.