Clinical Pharmacokinetics

, Volume 34, Issue 5, pp 335–346


Clinical Profile in Epilepsy
  • Rajesh C. Sachdeo
Review Article Drug Disposition

DOI: 10.2165/00003088-199834050-00001

Cite this article as:
Sachdeo, R.C. Clin Pharmacokinet (1998) 34: 335. doi:10.2165/00003088-199834050-00001


Topiramate, a sulfamate-substituted monosaccharide, is a new antiepileptic drug (AED) approved as adjunctive therapy for partial-onset seizures in adults. Topiramate is rapidly absorbed, has linear pharmacokinetics, minimal protein binding and a long half-life facilitating a twice-daily dosage regimen. Topiramate has little effect on the plasma concentrations of other AEDs with the exception of phenytoin, concentrations of which may increase in some patients when topiramate is added to the therapy.

Topiramate metabolism is increased when administered with carbamazepine or phenytoin. In the absence of enzyme-inducing AEDs, topiramate is eliminated primarily by renal excretion, with 50 to 80% of a dose excreted as unchanged topiramate.

In 6 double-blind, placebo-controlled trials, topiramate was shown to be well tolerated and effective as adjunctive therapy for partial-onset seizures in adults. Topiramate consistently reduced seizures across all patient groups defined by age, gender and baseline seizure frequency. Adverse effects were generally mild-to-moderate CNS-related effects and often resolved spontaneously or with slowing of topiramate titration and/or reduction of the dosage of concomitant AEDs.

Clinical studies are currently evaluating the effectiveness and safety of topiramate as monotherapy and adjunctive therapy in children with partial seizures, in patients with Lennox-Gastaut syndrome and in patients with generalised tonicclonic seizures of non-focal onset. Preliminary findings suggest that topiramate has a broad spectrum of clinical use.

Copyright information

© Adis International Limited 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rajesh C. Sachdeo
    • 1
  1. 1.Robert Wood Johnson Medical SchoolUniversity of Medicine and Dentistry of New JerseyNew BrunswickUSA