Baker, J. T., A. L. Hartwell, K. J. Boote, and N. B. Pickering. 1997. Rice responses to drought under carbon dioxide enrichment. 2. Photosynthesis and evapotranspiration. Global Change Biology 3:129–138.CrossRef
Blanch, S., G. Ganf, and K. Walker. 1999. Growth and resource allocation in response to flooding in the emergent sedgeBolboschoenus medianus
. Aquatic Botany 63:145–160.CrossRef
Boamfa, E. I., P. C. Ram, M. B. Jackson, J. Reuss, and F. J. M. Harren. 2003. Dynamic aspects of alcoholic fermentation of rice seedlings in response to anaerobiosis and to complete submergence; relationship to submergence tolerance. Annals of Botany 91:279–290.CrossRefPubMed
Conner, W. H. and J. W. Day, Jr. 1976. Productivity and composition of a bald cypress-water tupelo site and a bottomland hardwood site in a Louisiana swamp. American Journal of Botany 63:1354–1364.CrossRef
Crawford, R. M. M. and R. Braendle. 1996. Oxygen deprivation stress in a changing environment. Journal of Experimental Botany 47:145–459.CrossRef
Cubasch, U., G. A. Meehl, G. J. Boer, R. J. Stouffer, M. Dix, A. Noda, C. A. Senior, S. Raper, and K. S. Yap. 2001. Projections of future climate change. p. 525–582.In J. T. Houghton, Y. Ding, D. J. Griggs, M. Noguer, P. J. van der Linden, X. Dai, K. Maskell, and C. A. Johnson (eds.) Climate Change 2001: The Scientific Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Third Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.
Curtis, P. S. 1996. A meta-analysis of leaf gas exchange and nitrogen in trees grown under elevated carbon dioxide. Plant, Cell and Environment 19:127–137.CrossRef
Curtis, P. S., B. G. Drake, P. W. Leadley, W. J. Arp, and D. F. Whigham. 1989. Growth and senescence in plant communities exposed to elevated CO2
concentrations on an estuarine marsh. Oecologia 78:20–26.CrossRef
Dickson, R. E., M. D. Coleman, D. E. Riemenschneider, J. G. Isebrands, G. D. Hogan, and D. F. Karnosky. 1998. Growth of five hybrid poplar genotypes exposed to interacting elevated CO2
. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 28:1706–1716.CrossRef
Drake, B. G., M. S. Muehe, G. Peresta, M. A. Gonzàlez-Meler, and R. Matamala. 1996a. Acclimation of photosynthesis, respiration and ecosystem carbon flux of a wetland on Chesapeake Bay, Maryland to elevated atmospheric CO2
concentration. Plant and Soil 187:111–118.CrossRef
Drake, B. G., G. Peresta, E. Beugeling, and R. Matamala. 1996b. Long-term elevated CO2
exposure in a Chesapeake Bay wetland: ecosystem gas exchange, primary production, and tissue nitrogen. p. 197–214In
G. W. Koch and H. A. Mooney (eds.) Carbon Dioxide and Terrestrial Ecosystems. Academic Press, Inc., San Diego, CA, USA.CrossRef
Hungate, B. A., M. Reichstein, P. Dijkstra, D. Johnson, G. Hymus, J. D. Tenhunen, and B. G. Drake. 2002. Evapotranspiration and soil water content in a scrub-oak woodland under carbon dioxide enrichment. global Change Biology 8:289–298.CrossRef
Jackson, R. B., O. E. Sala, J. M. Paruelo, and H. A. Mooney. 1998. Ecosystem water fluxes for two grasslands in elevated CO2
: a modeling analysis. Oecologia 113:537–546.CrossRef
Kirkman, L. K. and R. R. Sharitz. 1993. Growth in controlled water regimes of three grasses common in freshwater wetlands of the southeastern USA. Aquatic Botany 44:345–359.CrossRef
Koch, M. S., I. A. Mendelssohn, and K. L. McKee. 1990. Mechanism for the hydrogen sulfide-induced growth limitation in wetland macrophytes. Limnology and Oceanography 35:399–408.CrossRef
Koizumi, H., T. Kibe, S. Mariko, T. Ohtsuka, T. Nakadai, W. Mo, H. Toda, N. Seiichi, and K. Kobayashi. 2001. Effect of free-air CO2
enrichment (FACE) on CO2
exchange at the flood-water surface in a rice paddy field. New Phytologist 150:231–239.CrossRef
Körner, C. 2000. Biosphere responses to CO2 enrichment. Ecological Applications 10:1590–1619.
Kozlowski, T. T. 1984. Plant Responses to Flooding of Soil. Bioscience 34:162–167.CrossRef
Kozlowski, T. T. and S. G. Pallardy. 2002. Acclimation and adaptive responses of woody plants to environmental stresses. The Botanical Review 68:270–334.CrossRef
Kreuzwieser, J., S. Fürniss, and H. Rennenberg. 2002. Impact of waterlogging on the N-metabolism of flood tolerant and non-tolerant tree species. Plant, Cell and Environment 25:1039–1049.CrossRef
Lenssen, J. P. M., F. B. J. Menting, W. J. van der Putten, and C. W. P. M. Blom. 1999. Effects of sediment type and water level on biomass production of wetland plant species. Aquatic Botany 64:151–165.CrossRef
Loustau, D., B. A. Hungate, and B. G. Drake. 2001. Water, nitrogen, rising atmospheric CO2
and terrestrial productivity. p. 123–167.In
J. Roy, B. Saugier, and H. A. Mooney (eds.) Terrestrial Global Productivity. Academic Press, San Diego, CA, USA.CrossRef
Megonigal, J. P. 1996. Methane production and oxidation in a future climate. Ph.D. Dissertation. Duke University, Durham, NC, USA.
Megonigal, J. P., W. H. Conner, S. Kroeger, and R. R. Sharitz. 1997. Aboveground production in southeastern floodplain forests: A test of the subsidy-stress hypothesis. Ecology 78:370–384.
Megonigal, J. P. and F. P. Day. 1992. Effects of flooding on root and shoot production of bald cypress in large experimental enclosures. Ecology 73:1182–1193.CrossRef
Megonigal, J. P. and W. H. Schlesinger. 1997. Enhanced CH4
emissions from a wetland soil exposed to elevated CO2
. Biogeochemistry 37:77–88.CrossRef
Mitsch, W. J. and J. G. Gosselink. 1993. Wetlands. Van Nostrand Reinold, New York, NY, USA.
Oechel, W. C., S. Cowles, N. Grulke, S. J. Hastings, B. Lawrence, T. Prudhomme, G. Riechers, B. Strain, D. Tissue, and G. Vourlitis. 1994. Transient nature of CO2
fertilzation in arctic tundra. Nature 371:500–502.CrossRef
Oren, R., D. S. Ellsworth, K. H. Johnsen, N. Phillips, B. E. Ewers, C. Maler, K. V. R. Schäfer, H. McCarthy, G. Hendry, S. G. McNulty, and G. G. Katul. 2001a. Soil fertility limits carbon sequestration by forest ecosystems in a CO2
-enriched atmosphere. Nature 411:469–471.CrossRefPubMed
Oren, R., N. Phillips, B. E. Ewers, D. E. Pataki, and J. P. Megonigal. 1999. Sap-flux-scaled transpiration responses to light, vapor pressure deficit, and leaf area reduction in a floodedTaxodium distichum
forest. Tree Physiology 19:337–347.PubMed
Oren, R., J. S. Sperry, B. e. Ewers, D. E. Pataki, N. Phillips, and J. P. Megonigal. 2001b. Sensitivity of mean canopy stomatal conductance to vapor pressure deficit in a floodedTaxodium distichum
forest: hydraulic and non-hydraulic effects. Oecologia 126:21–29.CrossRef
Pataki, D. E., R. Oren, and D. T. Tissue. 1998. Elevated carbon dioxide does not affect average canopy stomatal conductance ofPinus taeda
L. Oecologia 8:47–52.CrossRef
Pendall, E., S. Bridgham, P. J. Hanson, B. Hungate, D. W. Kicklighter, D. W. Johnson, B. E. Law, Y. Luo, J. P. Megonigal, M. Olsrud, M. G. Ryan, and S. Wan. 2004. Below-ground process responses to elevated CO2
and temperature: A discussion of observations, measurement methods, and models. New Phytologist 162:311–322.CrossRef
Pezeshki, S. R., R. D. DeLaune, and P. H. Anderson. 1999. Effect of flooding on elemental uptake and biomass allocation in seedlings of three bottomland tree species. Journal of Plant Nutrition 22:1481–1494.CrossRef
Pezeshki, S. R., J. H. Pardue, and R. D. DeLaune. 1996. Leaf gas exchange and growth of flood-tolerant and flood-sensitive tree species under low soil redox conditions. Tree Physiology 16:453–458.PubMed
Poff, N. L., M. M. Brinson, and J. W. Day Jr., 2002. Aquatic Ecosystems and Global Climate Change. Pew Center on Global Climate Change, Washington, DC, USA.
Ramaswamy, V., O. Boucher, J. Haigh, D. Hauglustaine, J. Haywood, G. Myhre, T. Nakajima, G. Y. Shi, and S. Solomon. 2001. Radiative forcing of climate change. p. 236–287.In J. T. Houghton, Y. Ding, D. J. Griggs, M. Noguer, P. J. van der Linden, X. Dai, K. Maskell, and C. A. Johnson (eds.) Climate Change 2001: The Scientific Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Third Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.
Rosen, C. J. and R. M. Carlson. 1984. Influence of root zone oxygen stress on potassium and ammonium absorption by myrobalan plumPrunus cerasifera
rootstock. Plant and Soil 80:345–354.CrossRef
SAS Institute. 1987. SAS/STAT guide for personal computers, Version 6 edition. SAS Institute, Cary, NC, USA.
Snowden, R. E. D. and B. D. Wheeler. 1993. Iron toxicity to fen plant species. Journal of Ecology 81:35–46.CrossRef
Tanaka, A., R. Loe, and S. A. Navasero. 1966. Some mechanisms involved in the development of iron toxicity symptoms in the rice plant. Soil Science and Plant Nutrition 12:29–33.
Tissue, D. T. and W. C. Oechel. 1987. Response ofEriophorum vaginatum
to elevated CO2
and temperature in the Alaskan tussock tundra. Ecology 68:401–410.CrossRef
Vann, C. D. 2000. Productivity and methane production in a future CO2-enriched atmosphere. M.S. Thesis. George Mason University, Fairfax, VA, USA.
Vann, C. D. and J. P. Megonigal. 2003. Elevated CO2
and water depth regulation of methane emissions: Comparison of woody and non-woody wetland plant species. Biogeochemistry 63:117–134.CrossRef
Vartapetian, B. B. and M. B. Jackson. 1997. Plant adaptation to anaerobic stress. Annals of Botany 79:3–20.CrossRef
Wullschleger, S. D. and R. J. Norby. 2001. Sap velocity and canopy transpiration for a 12-year-old sweetgum stand exposed to free-air CO2
enrichment. New Phytologist 8:489–498.CrossRef
Zak, D. R., K. S. Pregitzer, P. S. Curtis, C. S. Vogel, W. E. Holmes, and J. Lussenhop. 1999. Atmospheric CO2, Soil-N availability, and allocation of biomass and nitrogen byPopulus tremuloides. Ecological Applications 10:34–46.
Ziska, L. H., W. Weerakoon, O. S. Namuco, and R. Pamplona. 1996. The influence of nitrogen on the elevated CO2
response in field-grown rice. Australian Journal of Plant Physiology 23:45–52.CrossRef