, Volume 23, Issue 4, pp 763–777

Biology, ecology and management ofElaeagnus angustifolia L. (Russian olive) in western North America

  • Gabrielle L. Katz
  • Patrick B. Shafroth

DOI: 10.1672/0277-5212(2003)023[0763:BEAMOE]2.0.CO;2

Cite this article as:
Katz, G.L. & Shafroth, P.B. Wetlands (2003) 23: 763. doi:10.1672/0277-5212(2003)023[0763:BEAMOE]2.0.CO;2


Elaeagnus angustifolia (Russian olive) is an alien tree that is increasingly common in riparian habitats of western North America. This paper reviews the pertinent scientific literature in order to determine the status ofE. angustifolia as a riparian invader and to suggest ecological reasons for its success.Elaeagnus angustifolia meets the biogeographic, spread, and impact criteria for invasive species. Ecological characteristics likely enabling its invasiveness include adaptation to the physical environmental conditions that characterize semi-arid riparian habitats, lack of intense pressure from herbivores, and tolerance of the competitive effects of established vegetation. We believe that the success of this species is at least partly due to its ability to take advantage of the reduced levels of physical disturbance that characterize riparian habitats downstream from dams. Control ofE. angustifolia is likely to be most promising where natural river flow regimes remain relatively intact.

Key Words

biological invasions Elaeagnus angustifolia riparian vegetation 

Copyright information

© Society of Wetland Scientists 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gabrielle L. Katz
    • 1
  • Patrick B. Shafroth
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of GeographyUniversity of ColoradoBoulder
  2. 2.Fort Collins Science CenterU.S. Geological SurveyFt. CollinsUSA
  3. 3.Department of Geography and PlanningAppalachian State UniversityBooneUSA