, Volume 9, Issue 2, pp 85-89

BRCA1/2 associated hereditary breast cancer

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Abstract

Breast cancer is one of the leading causes of death in women today. Some of the patients are hereditary, with a large proportion characterized by mutation in BRCA1 and/or BRCA2 genes. In this review, we provide an overview of these two genes, focusing on their relationship with hereditary breast cancers. BRCA1/2 associated hereditary breast cancers have unique features that differ from the general breast cancers, including alterations in cellular molecules, pathological bases, biological behavior, and a different prevention strategy. But the outcome of BRCA1/2 associated hereditary breast cancers still remains controversial; further studies are needed to elucidate the nature of BRCA1/2 associated hereditary breast cancers.

Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 30772510) and the Joint Program of Ministry of Health and Zhejiang Provincal Government of China (No. WKJ2006-2-008)