, Volume 84, Issue 1, pp 38-42
Date: 27 Feb 2014

Induction of erythroid-specific genes by overexpression of GATA-2 in K562 cells

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GATA transcription factors have been shown to play important roles in hematopoiesis. GATA-2 is expressed in stem and progenitor cells, and has been speculated to control the proliferation and maintain the immaturity of these cells. To examine whether the function of GATA-2 is changeable according to the differentiation stage, we established GATA-2 overexpress-ing subclones of K562, which is a leukemic cell line committed to the erythroid lineage. Via an increase in the GATA-2 expression level, the expression levels of erythroid-specific genes including a-, β-, and γ-globin were increased compared to control cells, while the expression level of GATA-1 was unchanged. Expression of the transferrin receptor was also increased in GATA-2 overexpressing K562 cells when examined by flow cytometry. In addition, the heme content of GATA-2 over-expressing K562 cells was more than 2 times higher than control cells. Chromatin immunoprecipitation analysis showed that GATA-2 protein binding to the GATA element in α-globin LCR was increased in GATA-2 overexpressing K562 cells. These findings suggest that GATA-2 could induce erythroid-specific genes without competition with GATA-1 when expressed in erythroid-committed cells, and thus further suggest that temporal and spatial regulation may be important for displaying specific functions of GATA-2.