Neurocritical Care

, 4:163

First online:

Laryngospasm in neurological diseases

  • Hans-Jürgen GdyniaAffiliated withDept. of Neurology, University of Ulm
  • , Jan KassubekAffiliated withDept. of Neurology, University of Ulm
  • , Anne-Dorte SperfeldAffiliated withDept. of Neurology, University of Ulm Email author 

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Laryngospasm is a clinical symptom characterized by involuntary spasms of the laryngeal muscles, which leads to paroxysms of coughing, inspiratory stridor, and sometimes to episodes of complete upper-airway occlusion. Although laryngospasm is a symptom mainly seen in otolaryngeal diseases and in the context of anesthesiological complications, it also occurs in neurological disorders. In this review of the occurrence of laryngospasms in neurological diseases, the clinical symptomatology, additional circumstances, possible underlying causes, and therapeutic options are presented.

Key Words

Laryngospasm spasmodic dysphonia motor neuron disease GERD therapy