Dietary nickel improves male broiler (Gallus domesticus) bone strength
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
The effects of dietary nickel (0, 25, 50, 75, 100, and 150 mg/kg) on the bone strength characteristics and performance parameters of male broilers were investigated. Broilers were housed in either cages or floor pens. At 6 wk of age, the shear fracture energy of the tibia from the caged birds increased when the basal diet was supplemented with 25 mg of dietary nickel per kilogram of feed. The shear force, stress, and fracture energy of the radius from the caged birds also increased at 25 mg/kg nickel. Dietary nickel had no effect on bird body weight, but the caged broilers (2161 g) were heavier than the floor birds (2005 g). Nickel had no effect on the strength characteristics of the tibia from the floor birds. Percent tibia bone ash, a measure of bone density, was not influenced by dietary nickel, but the tibia ash of the floor birds was greater than that of the caged birds. Overall, the data indicates that adding 25 mg/kg of dietary nickel to a poultry diet will have a positive influence on bone strength characteristics and performance.
- F. H. Nielson, Studies on the relationship between boron and magnesium which possibly effects the formation and maintenance of bones, Magnesium Trace Elements 9, 61–69 (1990).
- F. H. Nielsen, T. R. Shuler, T. G. McLeod, and T. J. Zimmerman, Nickel influences iron metabolism through physiologic, pharmacologic, and toxicologic mechanism in rat, J. Nutr. 114, 1280–1288 (1984).
- A. Schnegg and M. Kirchgessner, Nickel deficiency and its effects on metabolism, Trace Elements Man Anim. 3, 236–243 (1978).
- M. Anke, M. Grun, G. Dittrich, B. Groppel, and A. Hennig, Low nickel rations for growth and reproduction in pigs, in Trace Element Metabolism in Animals 2, W. G. Hoekstra, J. W. Suttie, H. E. Ganther, and W. Mertz, eds., University Press, Baltimore, MD (1974).
- M. Anke, B. Groppel, U. Krause, and M. Langer, Further data on the biological essentiality of nickel, in Trace Elements in Man and Animals 6, L. S. Hurley, C. L. Keen, B. Lonnerdal, and R. B. Rucker, eds., Plenum, New York (1988).
- T. P. Oscar, D. M. Mitchell, H. M. Engster, B. R. Malone, and W. M. Watson, Growth performance, carcass composition and pigmentation of broilers fed supplemental nickel, Poult. Sci. 74, 976–982 (1995).
- J. R. Ling and M. Leach, Jr., Studies on nickel metabolism: interaction with other elements, Poult. Sci. 58, 591–596 (1979).
- F. H. Nielson and H. E. Sauberlich, Evidence of a possible requirement of nickel by the chick, J. Soc. Exp. Biol. Med. 134, 845–849 (1970).
- C. W. Weber, and B. L. Read, Nickel toxicity in growing chicks, J. Nutr. 95, 612–616 (1968).
- F. H. Nielsen, Is nickel nutritionally important. Nutr. Today Jan./Feb 28, 14–19 (1993). CrossRef
- W. C. Eastin, and T. J. O’Shea, Effects of dietary nickel on mallards, J. Toxicol. Environ. Health 7(6), 883–892 (1981). CrossRef
- B. W. Cain and E. A. Pafford, Effects of dietary nickel on survival and growth mallard ducklings, Arch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 10, 737–745 (1981). CrossRef
- J. H. Wilson, K. L. Bledsoe, J. L. Baker, and P. F. Scanlon, Mechanical properties of river otter limb bones, Zoo Biol. 3, 27–34 (1984). CrossRef
- Dietary nickel improves male broiler (Gallus domesticus) bone strength
Biological Trace Element Research
Volume 83, Issue 3 , pp 239-249
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Humana Press
- Additional Links
- shear force
- shear stress
- trace elements
- Industry Sectors