, Volume 32, Issue 2, pp 133-144

Interactions of interleukin-1 with neurotrophic factors in the central nervous system

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Abstract

Interleukin (IL)-1 is a multifunctional cytokine that plays a key role in mediating inflammation in the brain. Many different cell types in the brain express the IL-1 receptor and respond to this cytokine by activating cell-type-specific signaling pathways leading to distinct functional responses, which collectively comprise the inflammatory response in the brain. One key effect of IL-1 in the brain is the induction of trophic factor production by glial cells, which has traditionally been considered a neuroprotective response to injury or disease. However, recent studies have shown that nerve growth factor, which is regulated by IL-1, can induce neuronal survival or apoptosis via different receptors. This article examines the interaction of IL-1 with different trophic factors in the brain.