Molecular Biotechnology

, Volume 29, Issue 1, pp 57–74

Protein-protein interactions in the regulation of the extracellular signal-regulated kinase

Review

DOI: 10.1385/MB:29:1:57

Cite this article as:
Chuderland, D. & Seger, R. Mol Biotechnol (2005) 29: 57. doi:10.1385/MB:29:1:57

Abstract

The extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) cascade is a central intracellular signaling pathway that is activated by a variety of extracellular stimuli, and thereby regulates cellular processes such as proliferation, differentiation, and oncogenic transformation. To execute these functions, the signals of those stimuli are transmitted to the cytosolic and nuclear targets in a rapid and specific manner. In the last few years it has become clear that the specificity and the rapid function of the ERK cascade is largely determined by protein-protein interactions with various signaling components and substrates. This review describes interactions of ERK with its immediate regulators, scaffold proteins, substrates, and localizing proteins, and shows their involvement in the functioning of the ERK cascade. Understanding the full scope of ERK-interactions is important for the development of new drugs for the treatment of cancer and other diseases.

Index Entries

MAPK ERK scaffold protein interaction MEK 

Copyright information

© Humana Press Inc 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Biological RegulationThe Weizmann Institute of ScienceRehovotIsrael

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