Neurotrophin dependence domain
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- Rabizadeh, S., Ye, X., Sperandio, S. et al. J Mol Neurosci (2000) 15: 215. doi:10.1385/JMN:15:3:215
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The mechanisms underlying neurotrophin dependence, and cellular dependent states in general, are unknown. We show that a 29 amino acid region in the intracellular domain of the common neurotrophin receptor, p75NTR, is required for the mediation of apoptosis by p75NTR. Furthermore, contrary to results obtained with Fas, monomeric p75NTR is required for apoptosis induction, whereas multimerization inhibits the pro-apoptotic effect. Within the 29-residue domain required for apoptosis induction by p75NTR, a 14-residue region is sufficient as a peptide inducer of apoptosis. This 14-residue peptide requires the positively charged carboxyterminal residues for its effect on cell death, and these same residues are required by the full-length p75NTR. These studies define a novel type of domain that mediates neurotrophin dependence, and suggest that other cellular dependent states may be mediated by proteins displaying similar domains.