, Volume 96, Issue 1-3, pp 303-311

Immobilization of lactate dehydrogenase on tetraethylorthosilicate-derived sol-gel films for application to lactate biosensor

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Tetraethylorthosilicate (TEOS)-derived sol-gel films were utilized for the immobilization of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) by physical adsorption and sol-gel/LDH/sol-gel sandwich configuration. An attempt was made to ascertain the optimum pH and temperature for the immobilized LDH. It was shown that TEOS-derived sol-gel films containing physically adsorbed LDH exhibited linearity from 0.5 to 4 mM, whereas those containing LDH in sandwich configuration showed linearity from 0.5 to 3 mM l-lactate. These sol-gel films, immobilized with LDH, were found to be stable for about 4 weeks at 4–10°C.