, Volume 89, Issue 1, pp 15-30

Bioconversion of cellulose into ethanol by nonisothermal simultaneous saccharification and fermentation

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The kinetic characteristics of cellulase and β-glucosidase during hydrolysis were determined. The kinetic parameters were found to reproduce experimental data satisfactorily and could be used in a simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF) system by coupling with a fermentation model. The effects of temperature on yeast growth and ethanol production were investigated in batch cultures. In the range of 35–45°C, using a mathematical model and a computer simulation package, the kinetic parameters at each temperature were estimated. The appropriate forms of the model equation for the SSF considering the effects of temperature were developed, and the temperature profile for maximizing the ethanol production was also obtained. Briefly, the optimum temperature profile began at a low temperature of 35°C, which allows the propagation of cells. Up to 10 h, the operating temperature increased rapidly to 39°C, and then decreased slowly to 36°C. In this nonisothermal SSF system with the above temperature profile, a maximum ethanol production of 14.87 g/L was obtained.