Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology

, Volume 117, Issue 3, pp 143–154

Hydrogen production from propionate by Rhodopseudomonas capsulata

Original Articles

DOI: 10.1385/ABAB:117:3:143

Cite this article as:
Shi, XY. & Yu, HQ. Appl Biochem Biotechnol (2004) 117: 143. doi:10.1385/ABAB:117:3:143

Abstract

Hydrogen production from propionate at various concentrations by Rhodopseudomonas capsulata, a purple nonsulfur bacterium, was studied at a temperature of 31°C, a pH of 7.0, and an illumination intensity of 3000 Lux. Among the six levels of propionate, 3.84 g/L was found to be the optimum propionate concentration for H2 production in terms of substrate utilization efficiency, H2 percentage, cumulative H2 production, and H2 yield. A modified Gompertz equation was able to describe properly the production of H2 from propionate. A comparative study of H2 production with acetate, propionate, and butyrate at 40 mM showed that, as a substrate for H2 production by R. capsulata, propionate was better than butyrate, but less favorable than acetate.

Index Entries

Hydrogenphotosynthetic bacteriapropionateRhodopseudomonas capsulataacetatebutyrate

Copyright information

© Humana Press Inc. 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of Environmental Biotechnology, Department of ChemistryUniversity of Science & Technology of ChinaAnhuiChina