, Volume 4, Issue 4, pp 328-335
Date: 01 Nov 1994

Significant Changes in the Lipid-Lipoprotein Status of Premenopausal Morbidly Obese Females following Gastric Bypass Surgery

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The morbidly obese premenopausal female may be more dyslipoproteinemic and at greater risk for developing coronary heart disease than her lean or less seriously obese counterparts. The purpose of the present study was to examine the effects of weight loss with Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery on the lipid-lipoprotein status of morbidly obese, premenopausal females. Anthropometrics and blood samples for lipid-lipoprotein analyses were obtained before surgery and 6 - 12 months post-operatively. Following surgery, patients lost 30% of their initial body weight, along with a 40% decline (p < 0.01) in total triglyceride and a 20% decrease (p < 0.01) in total cholesterol. Levels of cholesterol in the high density lipoprotein (HDL) fraction were unaffected by weight loss, but there was a significant (p < 0.05) increase in the proportion of HDL in its more buoyant and anti-atherogenic form, i.e. HDL-L. The apolipoprotein B-containing lipoproteins, very low density lipoprotein (VLDL), intermediate density lipoprotein (IDL), and low density lipoprotein (LDL), were reduced up to 70% following surgery. There were no significant changes in VLDL or IDL particle composition, i.e. cholesterol/triglyceride, cholesterol/protein, but there was a significant (p < 0.01) increase in the ratio of cholesterol/apolipoprotein B in LDL, suggesting a shift from the small, dense atherogenic LDL to a larger, less atherogenic particle. We conclude that weight loss following gastric bypass surgery markedly improves the lipid-lipoprotein status of morbidly obese premenopausal females and, thereby, significantly reduces the risk of coronary disease.