Impact of Patient Follow-Up on Weight Loss after Bariatric Surgery
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- Shen, R., Dugay, G., Rajaram, K. et al. OBES SURG (2004) 14: 514. doi:10.1381/096089204323013523
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Background: Postoperative follow-up after bariatric surgery is important. Because of the need for adjustments, follow-up after gastric banding may have a greater impact on weight loss than after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass.We reviewed all patients at 1 year after these two operations. Methods: During the first year after surgery, laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) patients were followed every 4 weeks and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGBP) patients were followed at 3 weeks postoperatively and then every 3 months.The number of follow-up visits for each patient was calculated, and 50% compliance for follow-up and weight loss was compared. Results: Between October 2000 and September 2002, 216 LAGB and 139 RYGBP operations were performed. Of these patients, 186 LAGB patients and 115 RYGBP patients were available for 1-year follow-up. Age and BMI were similar for each group. Overall excess weight loss (EWL) after LAGB was 44.5%. 130 (70%) returned 6 or less times in the first year and achieved 42% EWL. 56 patients (30%) returned more than 6 times and had 50% EWL (P=0.005). Overall %EWL after RYGBP was 66.1%. 53 patients (46%) returned 3 or less times in the first year, achieving 66.1% EWL. 62 patients (54%) returned more than 3 times after surgery and achieved 67.6% EWL (P=NS). Conclusion: Patient follow-up plays a significant role in the amount of weight lost after LAGB, but not after RYGBP. Patient motivation and surgeon commitment for long-term follow-up is critical for successful weight loss after LAGB surgery.