The reporting of sensitive behavior by adolescents: A methodological experiment in Kenya
Purchase on Springer.com
$39.95 / €34.95 / £29.95*
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.
Does audio computer-assisted self-interviewing (ACASI) produce more valid reporting of sexual activity and related behaviors than face-to-face interviews or self-administered interviews? This analysis, based on data collected from over 6,000 unmarried adolescents in two districts of Kenya—Nyeri and Kisumu—indicates substantial and significant differences in reported rates of premarital sex across interview modes, although not always in the expected direction. Our assumption that girls underreport sexual activity in face-to-face interviews by comparison with ACASI is not confirmed by the Nyeri data, but our results from Kisumu are considerably more promising. As for boys, who we believe exaggerate their level of sexual activity in face-to-face interviews, a more nuanced set of expectations regarding the reporting of sensitive behaviors was offered; our results from Kisumu, although not always significant, by and large conform to expectations.
- Ajayi, A.A., L. Marangu, J. Miller, and J.M. Paxman. 1991. “Adolescent Sexuality and Fertility in Kenya: A Survey of Knowledge, Perceptions, and Practices.” Studies in Family Planning 22:205–16. CrossRef
- Amazigo, U., N. Silva, J. Kaufman, and D.S. Obikeze. 1997. “Sexual Activity and Contraceptive Knowledge and Use Among In-School Adolescents in Nigeria.” International Family Planning Perspectives 23(1):28–33. CrossRef
- Blanc, A.K. and A.A. Way. 1998. “Sexual Behavior, Contraceptive Knowledge and Use Among Adolescents in Developing Countries.” Studies in Family Planning 29:106–16. CrossRef
- Bloom, D.E. 1998. “Technology, Experimentation, and the Quality of Survey Data.” Science 280:847–48. CrossRef
- Boohene, E., J. Tsodzai, K. Hardee-Cleaveland, S. Weir, and B. Janowitz. 1991. “Fertility and Contraceptive Use Among Young Adults in Harare, Zimbabwe.” Studies in Family Planning 22:264–71. CrossRef
- Catania, J.A. 1997. “A Model for Investigating Respondent-Interviewer Relationships in Sexual Surveys.” Pp. 417–35 in Researching Sexual Behavior: Methodological Issues, edited by J. Bancroft. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
- Chege, J., N. Rutenberg, and M. Kahindo. 1999. “Multicentre Study on Factors Determining the Differential Spread of HIV Infection in African Towns: Kisumu-Kenya Site Report.” Draft. Nairobi: Population Council and Ministry of Health.
- Cohen, J. 1992. “A Power Primer.” Psychological Bulletin 112:155–59. CrossRef
- Dare, O.O. and J.G. Cleland. 1994. “Reliability and Validity of Survey Data on Sexual Behaviour.” Health Transition Review: AIDS Impact and Prevention in the Developing World: Demographic and Social Science Perspectives 4 (Supplement):93–110.
- Des Jarlais, D.C.D.P., J. Miliken, C.F. Turner, H. Miller, J. Gribble, Q. Shi, H. Hagan, and S.R. Friedman. 1999. “Audio-Computer Interviewing to Measure Risk Behaviour for HIV Among Injecting Drug Users: A Quasi-Randomised Trial.” The Lancet 353:1657–61. CrossRef
- Eggleston, E., J. Leitch, and J. Jackson. 2000. “Consistency of Self-Reports of Sexual Activity Among Young Adolescents in Jamaica.” International Family Planning Perspectives 26(2):79–83. CrossRef
- Erulkar, A.S. and B.S. Mensch. 1997. “Gender Differences in the Dating Experiences and Sexual Behavior of Adolescents in Kenya.” Paper presented at the 23rd Population Conference of the International Union for the Scientific Study of Population, Beijing, October 11–17.
- Fenton, K.A., A.M. Johnson, S. McManus, and B. Erens. 2001. “Measuring Sexual Behaviour: Methodological Challenges in Survey Research.” Sexually Transmitted Infections 77:84–92. CrossRef
- Ferry, B., with J.C. Deheneffe, M. Mamdani, and R. Ingham. 1995. “Characteristics of Surveys and Data Quality.” Pp. 10–42 in Sexual Behaviour and AIDS in the Developing World, edited by J. Cleland and B. Ferry. London: Taylor & Francis.
- Fu, H., J.E. Darroch, S.K. Henshaw, and E. Kolb. 1998. “Measuring the Extent of Abortion Underreporting in the 1995 National Survey of Family Growth.” Family Planning Perspectives 30:128–33, 138. CrossRef
- Gage-Brandon, A.J. and D. Meekers. 1993. “Sex, Contraception and Childbearing Before Marriage in Sub-Saharan Africa.” International Family Planning Perspectives 19(1):14–18, 33. CrossRef
- Görgen, R., M.L. Yansané, M. Marx, and D. Millimounou. 1998. “Sexual Behavior and Attitudes Among Unmarried Urban Youths in Guinea.” International Family Planning Perspectives 24(2):65–71. CrossRef
- Hewett, P.C., A.S. Erulkar, and B.S. Mensch. 2003. “The Feasibility of Computer-Assisted Interviewing in Africa: Experience From Two Rural Districts in Kenya.” Working paper #168. Policy Research Division, Population Council, New York.
- Johnson, A.M., A.J. Copas, B. Erens, S. Mandalia, K. Fenton, C. Korovessis, K. Wellings, and J. Field. 2001. “Effect of Computer-Assisted Self-Interviews on Reporting of Sexual HIV Risk Behaviours in a General Population Sample: A Methodological Experiment.” AIDS 2001 15:111–15.
- Jones, E.F. and J.D. Forrest. 1992. “Underreporting of Abortion in Surveys of U.S. Women: 1976 to 1988.” Demography 29:113–26. CrossRef
- Kane, T.T., R. De Buysscher, T. Taylor-Thomas, T. Smith, and M. Jeng. 1993. “Sexual Activity, Family Life Education, and Contraceptive Practice Among Young Adults in Banjul, the Gambia.” Studies in Family Planning 24:50–61. CrossRef
- Kiragu, K. and L.S. Zabin. 1993. “The Correlates of Premarital Sexual Activity Among School-Age Adolescents in Kenya.” International Family Planning Perspectives 19(3):92–7, 109. CrossRef
- —. 1995. “Contraceptive Use Among High School Students in Kenya.” International Family Planning Perspectives 21(3):108–13. CrossRef
- Lara, D., C. Ellertson, C. Diaz, and J. Strickler. 2001. “Measuring the Prevalence of Induced Abortion in Mexico City: Comparison of Four Methodologies.” Paper presented at the 24th Population Conference of the International Union for the Scientific Study of Population, Salvador de Bahia, Brazil, August 18–24.
- Matasha, E., T. Ntembelea, P. Mayaud, W. Saidi, J. Todd, B. Mujaya, and L. Tendo-Wambua. 1998. “Sexual and Reproductive Health Among Primary and Secondary School Pupils in Mwanza, Tanzania: Need for Intervention.” AIDS Care 10:571–82. CrossRef
- Maynard, D.W. and N.C. Schaeffer. 2002. “Standardization and Its Discontents.” Pp. 3–46 in Standardization and Tacit Knowledge, edited by D. W. Maynard, H. Houtkoop-Steenstra, N.C. Schaeffer, and J. Van Der Zouwen. New York: John Wiley & Sons.
- Meekers, D. 1994. “Sexual Initiation and Premarital Childbearing in Sub-Saharan Africa.” Population Studies 48:47–64. CrossRef
- Mensch, B.S., J. Bruce, and M.E. Greene. 1998. The Uncharted Passage: Girls’ Adolescence in the Developing World. New York: Population Council.
- Mensch, B.S., W.H. Clark, C.B. Lloyd, and A.S. Erulkar. 2001. “Premarital Sex and School Dropout in Kenya: Can Schools Make a Difference?” Studies in Family Planning 32:285–301. CrossRef
- Mensch, B.S. and D.B. Kandel. 1988. “Underreporting of Substance Use in a National Longitudinal Cohort.” Public Opinion Quarterly 52:100–24. CrossRef
- Rumakom, P., P. Guest, W. Chinvarasopak, W. Utmarat, and J. Sontanakanit. 1999. “Obtaining Accurate Responses to Sensitive Questions: A Comparison of Two Data Collection Techniques.” Draft. Bangkok: Population Council.
- Sudman, S. and N.M. Bradburn. 1974. Response Effects in Surveys: A Review and Synthesis. Chicago: Aldine.
- Tourangeau, R., L.J. Rips, and K. Rasinski. 2000. The Psychology of Survey Response. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.
- Tourangeau, R. and T.W. Smith. 1996. “Asking Sensitive Questions: The Impact of Data Collection Mode, Question Format and Question Content.” Public Opinion Quarterly 60:275–304. CrossRef
- Turner, C.F., L. Ku, M. Rogers, L.D. Lindberg, J.H. Pleck, and F.L. Sonenstein. 1998. “Adolescent Sexual Behavior, Drug Use, and Violence: Increased Reporting With Computer Survey Technology.” Science 280:867–73. CrossRef
- Turner, C.F., H.G. Miller, and S.M. Rogers. 1997. “Survey Measurement of Sexual Behavior: Problems and Progress.” Pp. 37–60 in Researching Sexual Behavior: Methodological Issues, edited by J. Bancroft. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
- UNAIDS. 1998. “UNAIDS Fact Sheet on Differences in HIV Spread in African Cities: AIDS in Africa.” Available at http://www.unaids.org/publications/documents/epidemiology/determinants/saepap98.html (accessed June 16, 2000).
- —. 2000. National AIDS Programmes: A Guide to Monitoring and Evaluation. Geneva: UNAIDS.
- UNAIDS and WHO. 2002. “Epidemiological Fact Sheet on HIV/AIDS and Sexually Transmitted Diseases: Kenya.” Available on-line at http://www.who.int/emc-hiv/fact_sheets/pdfs/Kenya-En.pdf
- van de Wijgert, J., N. Padian, S. Shiboski, and C. Turner. 2000. “Is Audio Computer-Assisted Self-Interviewing a Feasible Method of Surveying in Zimbabwe?” International Journal of Epidemiology 29:885–90. CrossRef
- Williams, M.L., R.C. Freeman, A.M. Brown, Z. Zhao, W.N. Elwood, C. Gordon, P. Young, R. Rusek, and C.A. Signes. 2000. “A Comparison of the Reliability of Self-Reported Drug Use and Sexual Behaviors Using Computer-Assisted Versus Face-to-Face Interviewing.” AIDS Education and Prevention 12:199–213.
- Youth in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Chartbook on Sexual Experience and Reproductive Health. 2001. Washington, DC: Population Reference Bureau.
- Zaba, B., J.T. Boerma, E. Pisani, and N. Baptiste. 2002. “Estimation of Levels and Trends in Age at First Sex from African Demographic Surveys Using Survival Analysis.” Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Population Association of America, Atlanta, May 9–11.
- The reporting of sensitive behavior by adolescents: A methodological experiment in Kenya
Volume 40, Issue 2 , pp 247-268
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Additional Links