Alderman, H., J.R. Behrman, H.-P. Kohler, J.A. Maluccio, and S.C. Watkins. 2001. “Attrition in Longitudinal Household Survey Data.” Demographic Research
, Vol. 5, article 4: 79–124. Available online at http://www.demographic-research.org/Volumes/Vol5/4/default.htm.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Allen, T. 2006. “AIDS and Evidence: Interrogating Some Ugandan Myths.” Journal of Biosocial Science
38: 7–28.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Allison, P.D. 1999. Logistic Regression Using the SAS System: Theory and Application
. Cary, NC: SAS Institute Inc.Google Scholar
Anglewicz, P. 2007. “Migration, HIV Infection, and Risk Perception in Malawi.” Unpublished PhD dissertation. Population Studies Center, University of Pennsylvania.
Anglewicz, P., S. Bignami-Van Assche, L.W. Chao, D. Chilongozi, I. Hoffman, H.-P. Kohler, F. Martinson, F. Onyango, G. Reniers, and K. Smith. 2005. “The Collection of Biomarkers in Rural Malawi: What Did We Learn?” Paper presented at the Meeting of the International Union for the Scientific Study of Population (IUSSP), Tours, France, July 18–24.
Bignami-Van Assche, S., L.W. Chao, I. Hoffman, H.-P. Kohler, G. Reniers, K. Smith, S. Watkins, and A. Weinreb. 2004. “Protocol for Biomarker Testing in the 2004 Malawi Diffusion and Ideational Change Project.” SNP Working Paper No. 7, Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania. Available online at http://www.malawi.pop.upenn.edu.Google Scholar
Bignami-Van Assche, S., J.A. Salomon, and C.J.L. Murray. 2005. “Evidence From National Population-Based Surveys on Bias in Antenatal Clinic-Based Estimates of HIV Prevalence.” Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Population Association of America, Philadelphia, March 31–April2.
Boerma, J.T., P.D. Ghys, and N. Walker. 2003. “Estimates of HIV-1 Prevalence From National Population-Based Survey as a New Gold Standard.” Lancet
362: 1929–31.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Boerma, J.T., E. Holt, and R. Black. 2001. “Measurement of Biomarkers in Surveys in Developing Countries: Opportunities and Problems.” Population and Development Review
27: 303–14.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Crampin, A.C., J.R. Glynn, B.M.M. Ngwira, F.D. Mwaungulu, J.M. Pönnighaus, D.K. Warndorff, and P.E.M. Fine. 2003. “Trends and Measurement of HIV Prevalence in Northern Malawi.” AIDS
17: 1817–25.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Family Health International. 2005. Service Delivery Models for HIV Counseling and Testing. Available online at http://www.fhi.org/en/HIVAIDS/pub/fact/ctmodels.htm.
-. 2006. Counseling and Testing for HIV. Available online at http://www.fhi.org/en/hivaids/pub/fact/vctforhiv.htm.
Fisher, G., G. Pappas, and M. Limb. 1996. “Prospects, Problems, and Prerequisites for National Health Examination Surveys in Developing Countries.” Social Science and Medicine
42: 1639–50.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Groves, R.M. 2004. Survey Errors and Survey Costs
. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.Google Scholar
Groves, R.M. and M.P. Couper. 1998. Nonresponse in Household Interview Surveys
. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.Google Scholar
Harries, A., S. Makombe, E. Libamba, E. Schouten, and D. Lungu. 2006. “5-Year Plan for Antiretroviral Therapy Scale-Up in Malawi: 2006–2010.” Paper presented at The XVI International AIDS Conference, Toronto, August 13–18.
Helleringer, S. and H.-P. Kohler. 2005. “Social Networks, Perceptions of Risk, and Changing Attitudes Towards HIV/AIDS: New Evidence From a Longitudinal Study Using Fixed-Effects Analysis.” Population Studies
59: 265–82.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS). 2006. 2006 Report on the Global HIV/AIDS Epidemic
. Geneva: UNAIDS.Google Scholar
Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) and World Health Organization (WHO). 2007. AIDS Epidemic Update 2007
. Geneva: UNAIDS and WHO.Google Scholar
Libamba, E., S. Makombe, A. Harries, E. Schouten, and D. Lungu. 2006. “National Scale-up of Antiretroviral Therapy in Malawi.” Paper presented at The XVI International AIDS Conference, Toronto, August 13–18.
Matovu, J.K.B., R.H. Gray, N. Kiwanuka, F. Wabwire-Mangen, F. Nalugoda, D. Serwadda, N.K. Sewankambo, and M.J. Wawer. 2007. “Repeat Voluntary HIV Counseling and Testing (VCT), Sexual Risk Behavior and HIV Incidence in Rakai, Uganda.” AIDS and Behavior
11: 71–78.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mishra, V., T. Boerma, A. Way, B. Barrere, F. Arnold, A.R. Cross, R. Hong, K. Johnson, and S. Khan. 2006. “Evaluating HIV Estimates From National Population-Based Surveys for Bias Due to Non-response.” Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Population Association of America, Los Angeles, March 30–April 1.
National AIDS Commission (NAC) [Malawi]. 2004. Malawi National HIV/AIDS Estimates 2003: Technical Report
. Malawi: National AIDS Commission.Google Scholar
National Statistics Office (NSO) [Malawi] and ORC Macro. 2005. Malawi Demographic and Health Survey 2004
. Calverton, MD: NSO and ORC Macro.Google Scholar
Nyblade, L., J. Menken, M.J. Wawer, N.K. Sewankambo, D. Serwadda, F. Makumbi, T. Lutalo, and R.H. Gray. 2001. “Population-Based HIV Testing and Counseling in Rural Uganda: Participation and Risk Characteristics.” Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
28: 463–70.Google Scholar
Obare, F. 2007. “Response to Population-Based Voluntary Counseling and Testing for HIV in Rural Malawi.” Unpublished PhD dissertation. Population Studies Center, University of Pennsylvania.
Obare, F., P. Fleming, P. Anglewicz, R. Thornton, F. Martinson, A. Kapatuka, M. Poulin, S. Watkins, and H.-P. Kohler. 2009. “Acceptance of Repeat Population-Based Voluntary Counseling and Testing for HIV in Rural Malawi.” Sexually Transmitted Infections
85: 139–44.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Population Reference Bureau. 2008. 2008 World Population Data Sheet
. Washington, DC: Population Reference Bureau.Google Scholar
Reniers, G., T. Araya, Y. Berhane, G. Davey, and E.J. Sanders. 2009. “Implications of the HIV Testing Protocol for Refusal Bias in Seroprevalence Surveys.” BMC Public Health
9: 163.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Thomas, D., E. Frankenberg, and J.P. Smith. 2001. “Lost But Not Forgotten: Attrition and Follow-up in the Indonesia Family Life Survey.” Journal of Human Resources
36: 556–92.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Thornton, R.L. 2008. “The Demand for Learning HIV Status and the Impact on Sexual Behavior: Evidence From a Field Experiment.” American Economic Review
98: 1829–63.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Watkins, S.C., E.M. Zulu, H.-P. Kohler, and J.R. Behrman. 2003. “Introduction to: Social Interactions and HIV/AIDS in Rural Africa.” Demographic Research
, Special Collection 1, article 1: 2–29. Available online at http://www.demographic-research.org/special/1/default.htm.Google Scholar
World Health Organization (WHO) and Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS). 2003. “Reconciling Antenatal Clinic-Based Surveillance and Population-Based Survey Estimates of HIV Prevalence in Sub-Saharan Africa.” Geneva: WHO and UNAIDS.Google Scholar
Zulu, E.M. 1996. Social, Cultural and Biological Factors Affecting Reproductive Behavior in Malawi. Unpublished PhD dissertation. Graduate Group in Demography, University of Pennsylvania.
Zulu, E.M. and G. Chepng’eno. 2003. “Spousal Communication About the Risk of Contracting HIV/AIDS in Rural Malawi.” Demographic Research, Special Collection 1, article 8):248-77. Available online at http://www.demographic-research.org/special/1/default.htm.