, Volume 42, Issue 2, pp 215–241

Race, gender, and marriage: destination selection during the great migration


    • Center for Demography and EcologyUniversity of Wisconsin
  • Kyle Crowder
    • Department of SociologyWestern Washington University
  • Stewart E. Tolnay
    • Department of SociologyUniversity of Washington
  • Robert M. Adelman
    • Department of SociologyGeorgia State University

DOI: 10.1353/dem.2005.0019

Cite this article as:
Curtis White, K.J., Crowder, K., Tolnay, S.E. et al. Demography (2005) 42: 215. doi:10.1353/dem.2005.0019


Using historical census microdata, we present a unique analysis of racial and gender disparities in destination selection and an exploration ofhypotheses regarding tied migration in the historical context ofthe Great Migration. Black migrants were more likely to move to metropolitan areas and central cities throughout the period, while white migrants were more likely to locate in nonmetropolitan and farm destinations. Gender differences were largely dependent on marital status. Consistent with the "tied-migration" thesis, married women had destination outcomes that were similar to those of men, whereas single women had a greater propensity to reside in metropolitan locations where economic opportunities for women were more plentiful.

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© Population Association of America 2005