, Volume 42, Issue 2, pp 215-241

Race, gender, and marriage: destination selection during the great migration

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Abstract

Using historical census microdata, we present a unique analysis of racial and gender disparities in destination selection and an exploration ofhypotheses regarding tied migration in the historical context ofthe Great Migration. Black migrants were more likely to move to metropolitan areas and central cities throughout the period, while white migrants were more likely to locate in nonmetropolitan and farm destinations. Gender differences were largely dependent on marital status. Consistent with the "tied-migration" thesis, married women had destination outcomes that were similar to those of men, whereas single women had a greater propensity to reside in metropolitan locations where economic opportunities for women were more plentiful.

This research was supported by Center Grant P30 HD05876 and Training Grant T32 HD07014 to White from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development through the Center for Demography and Ecology, University ofWisconsin, and by grants to Tolnay from the National Science Foundation (SBR-9529308) and the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (RO I HD34363). We are grateful to the Demography editors and anonymous reviewers for their helpful comments.