, Volume 41, Issue 4, pp 757–772

Adult mortality in sub-Saharan Africa: Evidence from demographic and health surveys

  • Ian M. Timæus
  • Momodou Jasseh

DOI: 10.1353/dem.2004.0037

Cite this article as:
Timæus, I.M. & Jasseh, M. Demography (2004) 41: 757. doi:10.1353/dem.2004.0037


This article reports levels, trends, and age patterns of adult mortality in 23 sub-Saharan Africa countries, based on the sibling histories and orphanhood data collected by the countries’ Demographic and Health Surveys. Adult mortality has risen sharply since HIV became prevalent, but the size and speed of the mortality increase varies greatly among countries. Excess mortality is concentrated among women aged 25–39 and among men aged 30–44. These data suggest that the increase in the number of men who die each year has exceeded somewhat the increase for women. It is time for a systematic attempt to reconcile the demographic and epidemiological evidence concerning AIDS in Africa.

Copyright information

© Population Association of America 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ian M. Timæus
    • 1
  • Momodou Jasseh
    • 2
  1. 1.Centre for Population StudiesLondon School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM)LondonUK
  2. 2.Farafenni Field StationMedical Research Council LaboratoriesThe Gambia