, Volume 41, Issue 3, pp 385–415

Paradox lost: Explaining the hispanic adult mortality advantage


DOI: 10.1353/dem.2004.0024

Cite this article as:
Palloni, A. & Arias, E. Demography (2004) 41: 385. doi:10.1353/dem.2004.0024


We tested three competing hypotheses regarding the adult “Hispanic mortality paradox”: data artifact, migration, and cultural or social buffering effects. On the basis of a series of parametric hazard models estimated on nine years of mortality follow-up data, our results suggest that the “Hispanic” mortality advantage is a feature found only among foreign-born Mexicans and foreign born Hispanics other than Cubans or Puerto Ricans. Our analysis suggests that the foreign-born Mexican advantage can be attributed to return migration, or the “salmon-bias” effect. However, we were unable to account for the mortality advantage observed among other foreign-born Hispanics.

Copyright information

© Population Association of America 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center for Demography and EcologyUniversity of Wisconsin-MadisonUSA
  2. 2.National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS)Hyattsville