, Volume 40, Issue 1, pp 151–170

Do children from welfare families obtain less education?

  • Inhoe Ku
  • Robert Plotnick

DOI: 10.1353/dem.2003.0005

Cite this article as:
Ku, I. & Plotnick, R. Demography (2003) 40: 151. doi:10.1353/dem.2003.0005


In this study, we analyzed whether parents’ receipt of welfare affects children’s educational attainment in early adulthood, independent of its effect through changing family income. We used data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics with information on parents’ welfare receipt over the first 15 years of childhood. Cross-sectional results show that greater exposure to welfare is significantly associated with children’s poorer educational attainment. Family fixed-effect regressions also indicate a negative effect of exposure to welfare, but its overall pattern is less consistent. Although exposure to welfare in early childhood has no effect, in adolescence and, to a lesser degree, in middle childhood, its effect is often negative.

Copyright information

© Population Association of America 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Inhoe Ku
    • 1
  • Robert Plotnick
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Social WelfareSeoul National UniversitySeoulRepublic of Korea
  2. 2.Daniel Evans School of Public AffairsUniversity of WashingtonUSA