Annals of Surgical Oncology

, Volume 18, Issue 2, pp 337–344

Standardization of Surgical and Pathologic Variables is Needed in Multicenter Trials of Adjuvant Therapy for Pancreatic Cancer: Results from the ACOSOG Z5031 Trial


    • Department of Surgical OncologyThe University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center
  • Nipun B. Merchant
    • Division of Surgical Oncology, Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer CenterVanderbilt University
  • Steven Brower
    • Department of Surgery, Anderson Cancer InstituteMemorial University Medical Center
  • Megan Branda
    • Division of Health Sciences ResearchThe Mayo Clinic
  • Mitchell C. Posner
    • Division of Surgical OncologyThe University of Chicago Medical Center
  • L. William Traverso
    • Department of SurgeryVirginia Mason Medical Center
  • Ross A. Abrams
    • Department of Radiation OncologyRush University Medical Center
  • Vincent J. Picozzi
    • Department of Medical OncologyVirginia Mason Medical Center
  • Peter W. T. Pisters
    • Department of Surgical OncologyThe University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center
  • The American College of Surgeons Oncology Group
Pancreatic Tumors

DOI: 10.1245/s10434-010-1282-y

Cite this article as:
Katz, M.H.G., Merchant, N.B., Brower, S. et al. Ann Surg Oncol (2011) 18: 337. doi:10.1245/s10434-010-1282-y



Standardization of surgical and pathologic techniques is crucial to the interpretation of studies evaluating adjuvant therapies for pancreatic cancer (PC).


To assess the degree to which treatment administered prior to enrollment of patients in trials of adjuvant therapy is quality controlled, the operative and pathology reports of patients in American College of Surgeons Oncology Group (ACOSOG) Z5031—a national trial of chemoradiation following pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD)—were rigorously evaluated. We analyzed variables with the potential to influence staging or outcome.


80 patients reported to have undergone R0 (75%) or R1 (25%) pylorus-preserving (38%) or standard (62%) PD were evaluated. A search for metastases was documented in 96% of cases. The proximity of the tumor to the superior mesenteric vein was reported in 69%; vein resection was required in 9% and lateral venorrhaphy in 14%. The method of dissection along the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) was described in 68%, being ultrasonic dissection (17%), stapler (24%), and clamp and cut (59%). SMA skeletonization was described in 25%, and absence of disease following resection was documented in 24%. The surgeon reported marking the critical SMA margin in 25%; inking was documented in 65% of cases and evaluation of the SMA margin was reported in 47%. A range of 1–49 lymph nodes was evaluated. Only 34% of pathology reports met College of American Pathologists criteria.


Trials of adjuvant therapy following PD suffer from a lack of standardization and quality control prior to patient enrollment. These data suggest areas for improvement in the design of multidisciplinary treatment protocols.

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© Society of Surgical Oncology 2010