Annals of Surgical Oncology

, Volume 14, Issue 8, pp 2411–2421

Use of an Artificial Lymphatic System During Carboplatin Infusion to Improve Canine Osteosarcoma Blood Flow and Clinical Response


    • Orthopaedic Surgical ServiceMemorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
  • Sean W. Aiken
    • The Animal Medical Center
  • Holly K. Brown
    • Orthopaedic Surgical ServiceMemorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
  • Philip J. Bergman
    • The Animal Medical Center
  • Ann Hohenhaus
    • The Animal Medical Center
  • E. J. Ehrhart
    • College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical ScienceColorado State University
  • Keith Baer
    • The Animal Medical Center
  • John H. Healey
    • Orthopaedic Surgical ServiceMemorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
Laboratory Research

DOI: 10.1245/s10434-007-9373-0

Cite this article as:
DiResta, G.R., Aiken, S.W., Brown, H.K. et al. Ann Surg Oncol (2007) 14: 2411. doi:10.1245/s10434-007-9373-0



The artificial lymphatic system (ALS), a mechanical system designed to reduce increased interstitial fluid pressure in solid tumors and enhance the delivery of chemotherapy, was evaluated within a randomized clinical trial treating spontaneously occurring canine appendicular osteosarcoma (OS), a tumor similar to its human OS counterpart.


An ALS was investigated for its ability to increase OS blood flow and increase uptake of intravenously administered carboplatin.


Blood flow increased by 314% in tumors with active ALS drains versus 126% in control tumors (P < .03). Tumor carboplatin uptake increased by 51% after drain activation (P = .07). Microvascular density (MVD) was measured in tumors after surgical amputation and in corresponding bone regions in a cohort of normal dogs. The OS tumors had equivalent MVD as normal bone, and MVD was higher in the humerus than the femur (P < .03) in both tumor and normal bone. Median survival between the ALS-treated and control cohorts was not different despite increased drug uptake or ALS manipulation. Compared with historic controls, ALS drain insertion into tumors to reduce interstitial fluid pressure did not worsen the prognosis.


The findings in canine spontaneously occurring OS indicate that an ALS may be of value as a chemotherapy adjunct for enhancing the delivery of chemotherapy to tumor interstitium.


OsteosarcomaCarboplatinBlood flowInterstitial fluid pressureMicrovessel densityCanineArtificial lymphatic system

Copyright information

© Society of Surgical Oncology 2007