Phase II Study of Induction Fixed-Dose Rate Gemcitabine and Bevacizumab Followed by 30 Gy Radiotherapy as Preoperative Treatment for Potentially Resectable Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma
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- Van Buren, G., Ramanathan, R.K., Krasinskas, A.M. et al. Ann Surg Oncol (2013) 20: 3787. doi:10.1245/s10434-013-3161-9
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Eighty percent of patients with resected pancreatic ductal carcinoma (PDC) experience treatment failure within 2 years. We hypothesized that preoperative fixed-dose rate (FDR) gemcitabine (GEM) combined with the angiogenesis inhibitor bevacizumab (BEV) and accelerated 30 Gy radiotherapy (RT) would improve outcomes among patients with potentially resectable PDC.
This phase II trial tested induction FDR GEM (1,500 mg/m2) plus BEV (10 mg/kg IV) every 2 weeks for three cycles followed by accelerated RT (30 Gy in 10 fractions) plus BEV directed at gross tumor volume plus a 1–2 cm vascular margin. Subjects underwent laparoscopy and resection after day 85. Therapy was considered effective if the complete pathologic response rate exceeded 10 % and the margin-negative resection rate exceeded 80 %.
Fifty-nine subjects were enrolled; 29 had potential portal vein involvement. Two grade 4 (3.4 %) and 19 grade 3 toxicities (32.8 %) occurred. Four subjects manifested radiographic progression, and 10 had undetected carcinomatosis. Forty-three pancreatic resections (73 %) were performed, including 19 portal vein resections (44 %). Margin-negative outcomes were observed in 38 (88 %, 95 % confidence interval [CI] 75–96), with one complete pathologic response (2.3 %; 95 % CI 0.1–12). There were seven (6 grade 3; 1 grade 4) wound complications (13 %). Median overall survival for the entire cohort was 16.8 months (95 % CI 14.9–21.3) and 19.7 months (95 % CI 16.5–28.2) after resection.
Induction therapy with FDR GEM and BEV, followed by accelerated BEV/RT to 30 Gy, was well tolerated. Although both effectiveness criteria were achieved, survival outcomes were equivalent to published regimens.