, Volume 20, Issue 3 Supplement, pp 577-582
Date: 18 Jun 2013

ANCCA Protein Expression is a Novel Independent Poor Prognostic Marker in Surgically Resected Lung Adenocarcinoma

Rent the article at a discount

Rent now

* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.

Get Access

Abstract

Background

AAA+ nuclear coregulator cancer associated (ANCCA) is found to be overexpressed in various cancer types and could play a role in common and fundamental cellular processes. A recent study suggested that ANCCA was a likely driver whose expression explained the behavior of differentially expressed proliferation-related genes in lung adenocarcinoma. However, protein expression of ANCCA in lung adenocarcinoma and its association with clinicopathologic parameters and commonly reported driver mutations remains unexplored.

Methods

ANCCA expression was evaluated by immunohistochemistry in 143 surgically resected lung adenocarcinomas and was correlated with clinicopathologic and molecular variables including adenocarcinoma histologic subtypes, tumor, node, metastasis status, relapse-free survival, overall survival, EGFR mutations, KRAS mutations, HER2 mutations and ALK fusions.

Results

Positive ANCCA expression was significantly associated with male sex, smokers, poorly differentiated tumors, nonlepidic predominant subtype, more advanced T stage, lymph nodal metastasis and late disease stage. Cox multivariate analysis revealed that ANCCA-positive expression was an independent predictor of worse relapse-free survival [hazard ratio (HR) 1.736, 95 % confidence interval (CI) 1.075–2.804; P = .024) and overall survival (HR 7.758, 95 % CI 2.955–20.370; P < .001). The addition of ANCCA protein expression to the prognostic model using pathologic stage markedly improved the prognostic accuracy; the concordance index increased from .692 to .788, and the Akaike information criterion decreased from 354.20 to 336.11.

Conclusions

We have identified ANCCA protein expression as a novel independent poor prognostic indicator in lung adenocarcinoma. Prospective studies are warranted to validate its potential prognostic value in combination with the current staging system.

Yang Zhang and Yihua Sun contributed equally to this study.