Number of Positive Lymph Nodes Independently Determines the Prognosis After Resection in Patients with Gallbladder Carcinoma
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This study was designed to compare the prognostic power of the location of positive lymph nodes with that of the number of positive lymph nodes in gallbladder carcinoma.
A retrospective analysis was conducted of 116 consecutive patients who underwent an R0 radical resection for gallbladder carcinoma. A total of 2,406 lymph nodes taken from the patients were examined histologically. The location of positive regional nodes was classified according to the Japanese staging system. The number of positive regional nodes was recorded for each patient.
Nodal disease was found in 49 patients, of whom 19 survived for more than 5 years after resection. Univariate analysis revealed that both the location (P < 0.0001) and the number (P < 0.0001) of positive nodes were significant prognostic factors. Multivariate analysis revealed that the number of positive nodes was an independent prognostic factor (P < 0.001), whereas the location of positive nodes failed to remain as an independent variable. The cumulative 5-year survival rates were 81% for patients without regional nodal disease, 62% for patients with a single positive node, 43% for patients with 2–3 positive nodes, and 15% for patients with ≥4 positive nodes (P < 0.0001).
The number, not the location, of positive lymph nodes independently determines the prognosis after resection in gallbladder carcinoma. No nodal disease or a single positive node indicates a favorable outcome after resection, whereas radical lymph node dissection is effective for selected patients with multiple positive nodes, provided that an R0 resection is feasible.
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- Number of Positive Lymph Nodes Independently Determines the Prognosis After Resection in Patients with Gallbladder Carcinoma
Annals of Surgical Oncology
Volume 17, Issue 7 , pp 1831-1840
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- 1. Division of Digestive and General Surgery, Niigata University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Niigata City, Japan
- 2. Division of Molecular and Diagnostic Pathology, Niigata University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Niigata City, Japan