, Volume 14, Issue 11, pp 3174-3180
Date: 12 Aug 2007

Surgical Outcome of Intraductal Papillary Mucinous Neoplasms of the Pancreas

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Abstract

Objective

An increasing number of intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms of the pancreas have been reported in recent years. However, the clinicopathologic features and surgical outcome of this neoplasm are not fully understood because of the limited number of cases. The objective of this study is to clarify the clinicopathologic features of intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm of the pancreas and evaluate prognostic factors influencing survival.

Methods

Eighty-two patients with intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm undergoing surgical resection at the National Cancer Center Hospital East between April 1994 and October 2006 were retrospectively analyzed.

Results

There were 31 patients with adenoma and 51 patients with carcinoma. Carcinomas were subdivided into noninvasive carcinoma (n = 14), minimally invasive carcinoma (n = 6), and invasive carcinoma (n = 31). The postoperative mortality rate was 0%. The 5-year survival rate for patients with intraductal papillary mucinous adenoma, noninvasive carcinoma, minimally invasive carcinoma, and invasive carcinoma was 80%, 78%, 83%, and 24%, respectively. Regardless of the margin status, no patient with adenoma developed recurrent disease. There were significant differences in survival between noninvasive carcinoma and invasive carcinoma (P = .016) and between minimally invasive carcinoma and invasive carcinoma (P = .030). Multivariate analysis confirmed that lymph node metastasis (P = .004) and age (P = .015) were significant prognostic factors after surgical resection of these neoplasms.

Conclusions

Patients with intraductal papillary mucinous adenoma, noninvasive carcinoma, and minimally invasive carcinoma showed favorable survival. In contrast, invasive intraductal papillary mucinous carcinoma was associated with poor survival regardless of the margin status. Nodal involvement was the strongest predictor of poor survival.