Article

Annals of Surgical Oncology

, Volume 14, Issue 3, pp 1143-1150

First online:

Timing of Resection of Liver Metastases Synchronous to Colorectal Tumor: Proposal of Prognosis-Based Decisional Model

  • Lorenzo CapussottiAffiliated withUnit of Surgical Oncology, Institute for Cancer Research and Treatment Email author 
  • , Luca Vigano’Affiliated withUnit of Surgical Oncology, Institute for Cancer Research and Treatment
  • , Alessandro FerreroAffiliated withUnit of Surgical Oncology, Institute for Cancer Research and Treatment
  • , Roberto Lo TesoriereAffiliated withUnit of Surgical Oncology, Institute for Cancer Research and Treatment
  • , Dario RiberoAffiliated withUnit of Surgical Oncology, Institute for Cancer Research and Treatment
  • , Roberto PolastriAffiliated withUnit of Surgical Oncology, Institute for Cancer Research and Treatment

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Abstract

Background

Timing of hepatectomy for synchronous metastases of colorectal cancer is still debated. The aim of this retrospective study was to analyze prognostic factors after synchronous and delayed liver resections to define selection criteria for choosing timing of hepatectomy.

Methods

The study was performed on 127 patients with synchronous metastases undergoing radical hepatectomy. We divided patients according to the timing of hepatectomy: 70 synchronous (group A) and 57 delayed (group B).

Results

Overall survival was similar between the two groups (5-year survival 30.8% vs. 32.0% A vs. B, P = .406). The multivariate analysis evidenced four independent prognostic factors in group A: male sex (P = .04), T4 (P = .0035), more than three metastases (P = .0001), and metastatic infiltration of nearby structures (P < .0001). There were no statistically significant prognostic factors in group B. Patients with more than three metastases had a significantly worse survival in group A than in group B (3-year survival, 15.0% vs. 34.3%, P = .007); similarly, borderline significant difference was encountered in patients with T4 primary tumor (3-year survival, 16.7% vs. 60%, P = .064)

Conclusions

Patients with liver metastases synchronous with colorectal cancer with T4 primary tumor, metastasis infiltration of neighboring structures, and especially with more than three metastases should receive neoadjuvant chemotherapy before liver resection.

Keywords

Liver surgery Colorectal liver metastases Synchronous liver metastases Timing of liver resection Neoadjuvant chemotherapy Prognostic factors