, Volume 12, Issue 2, pp 133-137
Date: 04 Feb 2005

Hepatic Resection at a Major Community-Based Teaching Hospital Can Result in Good Outcome

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The relationship between volume and outcome has been established in the literature for several complex surgical procedures. Improved outcome has been suggested at high-volume hospitals or with high-volume surgeons.


The objective of this study was to evaluate the experience of a low-volume hospital with major liver resections. The setting of the study was a community-based teaching hospital with a surgical residency training program.


A total of 46 major liver resections were performed between January 1992 and December 2002. Procedures performed were hepatic lobectomies (n = 15; right, n = 11; left, n = 4), trisegmentectomies (n = 5; right, n = 3; left, n = 2), segmentectomies (n = 16; left lateral, n = 12; right posterior, n = 4), and wedge resections (n = 10). Operations were performed by 14 different surgeons; however, 23 operations were performed by 1 surgeon. Sixteen patients (34%) developed 23 complications. The average length of hospital stay was 9.7 days. There were no 30-day postoperative mortalities. Out of 46 patients who underwent major liver resection over the last 10 years, 13 patients are still alive. Overall survival ranged from 3 to 84 months, with a median survival of 30.6 months. The actual 5-year survival was 36% (8 of 22) for all patients operated on >5 years ago, and the actual 2-year survival was 61% (20 of 33).


Major liver resection can be performed safely with low rates of morbidity and operative mortality with careful selection of patients at a low-volume community-based teaching hospital.