AAPS PharmSciTech

, Volume 13, Issue 1, pp 159–166

Improved Bioavailability of Poorly Water-Soluble Drug Curcumin in Cellulose Acetate Solid Dispersion

Authors

  • Shuxin Wan
    • Tianjin Key Laboratory of Modern Drug Delivery and High-Efficiency, School of Pharmaceutical Science and TechnologyTianjin University
  • Yingqian Sun
    • Tianjin Key Laboratory of Modern Drug Delivery and High-Efficiency, School of Pharmaceutical Science and TechnologyTianjin University
  • Xiuxiang Qi
    • Tianjin Key Laboratory of Modern Drug Delivery and High-Efficiency, School of Pharmaceutical Science and TechnologyTianjin University
    • Tianjin Key Laboratory of Modern Drug Delivery and High-Efficiency, School of Pharmaceutical Science and TechnologyTianjin University
Research Article

DOI: 10.1208/s12249-011-9732-9

Cite this article as:
Wan, S., Sun, Y., Qi, X. et al. AAPS PharmSciTech (2012) 13: 159. doi:10.1208/s12249-011-9732-9

Abstract

Curcumin (Cur), one of the most widely used natural active constituents with a great variety of beneficial biological and pharmacological activities, is a practically water-insoluble substance with a short biologic half-life. The aim of this study was to develop a sustained-release solid dispersion by employing water-insoluble carrier cellulose acetate for solubility enhancement, release control, and oral bioavailability improvement of Cur. Solid dispersions were characterized by solubility, in vitro drug release, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffractometry, and differential scanning calorimetry studies. The in vivo performance was assessed by a pharmacokinetic study. Solid-state characterization techniques revealed the amorphous nature of Cur in solid dispersions. Solubility/dissolution of Cur was enhanced in the formulations in comparison with pure drug. Sustained-release profiles of Cur from the solid dispersions were ideally controlled in vitro up to 12 h. The optimized formulation provided an improved pharmacokinetic parameter (Cmax = 187.03 ng/ml, tmax = 1.95 h) in rats as compared with pure drug (Cmax = 87.06 ng/ml, tmax = 0.66 h). The information from this study suggests that the developed solid dispersions successfully enhanced the solubility and sustained release of poorly water-soluble drug Cur, thus improving its oral bioavailability effectively.

Key words

bioavailabilitycellulose acetatecurcuminsolid dispersionsustained release

Copyright information

© American Association of Pharmaceutical Scientists 2011