, Volume 12, Issue 1, pp 10-20
Date: 11 Dec 2010

Recent Advancement of Chitosan-Based Nanoparticles for Oral Controlled Delivery of Insulin and Other Therapeutic Agents

Abstract

Nanoparticles composed of naturally occurring biodegradable polymers have emerged as potential carriers of various therapeutic agents for controlled drug delivery through the oral route. Chitosan, a cationic polysaccharide, is one of such biodegradable polymers, which has been extensively exploited for the preparation of nanoparticles for oral controlled delivery of several therapeutic agents. In recent years, the area of focus has shifted from chitosan to chitosan derivatized polymers for the preparation of oral nanoparticles due to its vastly improved properties, such as better drug retention capability, improved permeation, enhanced mucoadhesion and sustained release of therapeutic agents. Chitosan derivatized polymers are primarily the quaternized chitosan derivatives, chitosan cyclodextrin complexes, thiolated chitosan, pegylated chitosan and chitosan combined with other peptides. The current review focuses on the recent advancements in the field of oral controlled release via chitosan nanoparticles and discusses about its in vitro and in vivo implications.

Guest Editors: Michael Repka, Joseph Reo, Linda Felton, and Stephen Howard