, Volume 10, Issue 1, pp 120-128
Date: 31 Jan 2009

Physicomechanical Properties of Naproxen-Loaded Microparticles Prepared from Eudragit L100

Abstract

Microparticles of naproxen with Eudragit L100 and Aerosil were prepared by the emulsion solvent diffusion method in order to avoid local gastrointestinal irritation, one of the major side effects of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs after oral ingestion. The process of preparation involved the use of ethanol as good solvent, dichloromethane as a bridging liquid, water as poor solvent, Aerosil as anti-adhesion agent, and sodium dodecyl sulfate to aid in the dispersion of the drug and excipients into the poor solvent. The obtained microparticles were evaluated for micromeritic properties, yield, encapsulation efficiency, drug physical state, and drug release properties. The influence of formulation factors and preparation condition (polymer/naproxen ratio, Aerosil/polymer ratio, and the initial difference of temperature between the solvent and nonsolvent) on the properties of the microparticles were also examined. The resultant microparticles were finely spherical and uniform with high incorporation efficiency (>79%) and yield (>71%). The incorporation efficiency was enhanced with increasing the ratio of excipients to drug and the initial difference of temperature between the solvent and nonsolvent. The mean diameter of the microparticles was influenced by all of the manufacturing parameters. Studies carried out to characterize the micromeritic properties of formulations, such as flowability and packability, showed that microparticles were suitable for further pharmaceutical manipulation (e.g., capsule filling). Drug release studies of the microparticles confirmed the gastroresistance, and mathematical studies showed that the drug released followed a Hixon and Crowell kinetic. These microparticles represent a simple method for the preparation of drug-loaded enteric microparticles with desired micromeritic properties and gastroresistance release.