International Journal of Behavioral Medicine

, 12:266

Self-efficacy and motivation to quit during participation in a smoking cessation program

Authors

  • Thuy Boardman
    • Department of Preventive Medicine and Public HealthUniversity of Kansas Medical Center
    • Department of PsychologyUniversity of Kansas
    • Department of PsychologyUniversity of Missouri-Kansas City
  • Matthew S. Mayo
    • Department of Preventive Medicine and Public HealthKansas Masonic Cancer Research Institute, University of Kansas Medical Center
  • Jasjit S. Ahluwalia
    • Department of Preventive Medicine and Public HealthKansas Masonic Cancer Research Institute
    • Department of Internal MedicineUniversity of Kansas Medical Center
Article

DOI: 10.1207/s15327558ijbm1204_7

Cite this article as:
Boardman, T., Catley, D., Mayo, M.S. et al. Int. J. Behav. Med. (2005) 12: 266. doi:10.1207/s15327558ijbm1204_7

Abstract

The associations between failure to quit and posttreatment self-efficacy and motivation were examined among 600 African American smokers enrolled in a randomized trial testing the efficacy of bupropion for smoking cessation. Participants also received brief motivational counseling and were followed for 6 months. Baseline levels of self-efficacy and motivation for all participants were high (8.2 and 8.5 on a 10-point scale, respectively). Longitudinal analyses indicated that smokers who failed to quit were less likely than quitters to report high self-efficacy and motivation from posttreatment to follow-up. However, examination of mean self-efficacy and motivation scores at posttreatment and follow-up revealed that smokers continued to sustain high self-efficacy and motivation. Mean self-efficacy and motivation scores differed by less than 1 point from baseline levels, even though the majority of participants failed to quit smoking. Results suggest that unsuccessful participation in a smoking cessation program does not meaningfully reduce smokers’ self-efficacy and motivation to quit.

Key words

motivationself-efficacysmoking cessationfailureAfrican Americansmokers

Copyright information

© International Society of Behavioral Medicine 2005