International Journal of Behavioral Medicine

, Volume 13, Issue 4, pp 295–303

Understanding exercise behavior among korean adults: a test of the transtheoretical model

  • YoungHo Kim
  • Bradley J. Cardinal
  • Jong Young Lee

DOI: 10.1207/s15327558ijbm1304_4

Cite this article as:
Kim, Y., Cardinal, B.J. & Lee, J.Y. Int. J. Behav. Med. (2006) 13: 295. doi:10.1207/s15327558ijbm1304_4


The purpose of this study was to examine the theorized association of Transtheoretical Model (TTM) of behavior change constructs by stage of change for exercise behavior among Korean adults. A total of 1,335 Korean adults were recruited and surveyed from the Nowon district, geographically located in northern Seoul. Four Korean-version questionnaires were used to identify the stage of exercise behavior and psychological attributes of adolescents. Data were analyzed by frequency analysis, MANOVA, correlation analysis, and discriminant analysis. Multivariate F tests indicated that behavioral and cognitive processes of change, exercise efficacy, and pros differentiated participants across the stages of exercise behavior. Furthermore, the findings revealed that adults’ exercise behavior was significantly correlated with the TTM constructs and that overall classification accuracy across the stages of change was 50.6%. This study supports the internal and external validity of the TTM for explaining exercise behavior.

Key words

Transtheoretical Model self-efficacy processes of change decision balance exercise behavior 

Copyright information

© International Society of Behavioral Medicine 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • YoungHo Kim
    • 1
  • Bradley J. Cardinal
    • 2
  • Jong Young Lee
    • 3
  1. 1.Seoul National University of TechnologySeoulKorea
  2. 2.Oregon State UniversityOregon
  3. 3.Korea National Sports UniversitySeoulKorea
  4. 4.Department of Sport and Leisure StudiesSeoul National University of TechnologySeoul172 GongNeung-dong, Nowon-guKorea

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