International Journal of Behavioral Medicine

, Volume 13, Issue 4, pp 295-303

Understanding exercise behavior among korean adults: a test of the transtheoretical model

  • YoungHo KimAffiliated withSeoul National University of Technology Email author 
  • , Bradley J. CardinalAffiliated withOregon State University
  • , Jong Young LeeAffiliated withKorea National Sports University

Rent the article at a discount

Rent now

* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.

Get Access


The purpose of this study was to examine the theorized association of Transtheoretical Model (TTM) of behavior change constructs by stage of change for exercise behavior among Korean adults. A total of 1,335 Korean adults were recruited and surveyed from the Nowon district, geographically located in northern Seoul. Four Korean-version questionnaires were used to identify the stage of exercise behavior and psychological attributes of adolescents. Data were analyzed by frequency analysis, MANOVA, correlation analysis, and discriminant analysis. Multivariate F tests indicated that behavioral and cognitive processes of change, exercise efficacy, and pros differentiated participants across the stages of exercise behavior. Furthermore, the findings revealed that adults’ exercise behavior was significantly correlated with the TTM constructs and that overall classification accuracy across the stages of change was 50.6%. This study supports the internal and external validity of the TTM for explaining exercise behavior.

Key words

Transtheoretical Model self-efficacy processes of change decision balance exercise behavior