Are stress related factors associated with alcohol intake?
- A. Jeanne M. van LoonAffiliated withNational Institute of Public Health and the EnvironmentNational Institute of Public Health and the Environment Centre for Prevention and Health Services Research Email author
- , Marja TijhuisAffiliated withNational Institute of Public Health and the Environment
- , A. Jantine SchuitAffiliated withNational Institute of Public Health and the Environment
- , Hans A. M. van OersAffiliated withNational Institute of Public Health and the Environment
- , Paul G. SurteesAffiliated withStrangeways Research Laboratory Worts Causeway
- , Johan OrmelAffiliated withDepartment of Psychiatry
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Moderate alcohol consumption is related to reduced risks of coronary heart disease and all-cause mortality. Our goal is to advance our understanding of the associations between stress-related factors and alcohol consumption, using cutoff points for alcohol intake that reflect health benefits rather than health risks. Cross-sectional data were used from 4,131 respondents (age 20-65 years) participating in a cohort study in the Netherlands on psychosocial factors and cancer risk. Analyses were performed among drinkers only, for men and women separately. Heavy alcohol intake (≥ 3 glasses per day for men, ≥ 2 glasses per day for women) was associated with only a few stress-related factors in multivariate analyses. No significant associations between the total amount of stressors and alcohol intake were found. We conclude that stress-related factors are only marginally associated with a heavy alcohol intake compared with fair drinking, using the safe limits of drinking as cutoff point.
Key wordsalcohol moderate stress-related general population
- Are stress related factors associated with alcohol intake?
International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Volume 11, Issue 4 , pp 225-235
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- Author Affiliations
- 1. National Institute of Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, The Netherlands
- 2. National Institute of Public Health and the Environment Centre for Prevention and Health Services Research, P.O. Box 1, 3720 BA Bilthoven, The Netherlands
- 3. Strangeways Research Laboratory Worts Causeway, Cambridge, Great Britain
- 4. Department of Psychiatry, University of Groningen, The Netherlands