Annals of Behavioral Medicine

, 31:99

Physical activity and quality of life in older adults: Influence of health status and self-efficacy

Authors

    • University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
  • James F. Konopack
    • University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
  • Robert W. Motl
    • University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
  • Katherine S. Morris
    • University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
  • Shawna E. Doerksen
    • University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
  • Karl R. Rosengren
    • University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Article

DOI: 10.1207/s15324796abm3101_14

Cite this article as:
McAuley, E., Konopack, J.F., Motl, R.W. et al. ann. behav. med. (2006) 31: 99. doi:10.1207/s15324796abm3101_14

Abstract

Background: Physical activity has been positively linked to quality of life (QOL) in older adults. Measures of health status and global well-being represent common methods of assessing QOL outcomes, yet little has been done to determine the nature of the relationship of these outcomes with physical activity.Purpose: We examined the roles played by physical activity, health status, and self-efficacy in global QOL (satisfaction with life) in a sample of older Black and White women.Method: Participants (N = 249, M age = 68.12 years) completed multiple indicators of physical activity, self-efficacy, health status, and QOL at baseline of a 24-month prospective trial. Structural equation modeling examined the fit of 3 models of the physical activity and QOL relationship.Results: Analyses indicated that relationships between physical activity and QOL, self-efficacy and QOL were all indirect. Specifically, physical activity influenced self-efficacy and QOL through physical and mental health status, which in turn influenced global QOL.Conclusions: Our findings support a social cognitives model of physical activity’s relationship with QOL. Subsequent tests of hypothesized relationships across time are recommended.

Copyright information

© The Society of Behavioral Medicine 2006